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How Nestle Makes Billions Bottling Free Water | Direct From With Dena Takruri - AJ+
 
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Nestle, the world’s largest food and beverage company, bottles Michigan’s water for next to nothing and sells it at great profit. And the state has just approved its request to pump even more, despite the failed promise of jobs and 80,000 public comments against Nestle. Meanwhile, just two hours away, Flint still doesn't have clean water. AJ+'s Dena Takruri meets those who have a stake in this fight, including local environmentalists, a tribal citizen, ordinary residents and a Nestle spokeswoman. Subscribe for more videos: http://www.youtube.com/channel/UCV3Nm3T-XAgVhKH9jT0ViRg?sub_confirmation=1 Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ajplusenglish Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/ajplus
Views: 1020831 AJ+
Why Does The U.S. Government Own So Much Land In The West?
 
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» Subscribe to NowThis World: http://go.nowth.is/World_Subscribe The nation of South Korea continuously faces threats from North Korea. With such a hostile neighbor, we wanted to know, how powerful is South Korea? Learn More: By 2020, South Koreans will have a better standard of living than the French http://qz.com/387292/by-2020-south-koreans-will-have-a-better-standard-of-living-than-the-french/ "Many Koreans have an affinity for French things. Namely, French baked goods. " South Korea: Reviving the Miracle on the Han River https://www.stern.nyu.edu/sites/default/files/assets/documents/con_047356.pdf "South Korea has been a global shining star of growth and resilience over the past fifty years." The chaebols: The rise of South Korea's mighty conglomerates http://www.cnet.com/news/the-chaebols-the-rise-of-south-koreas-mighty-conglomerates/ "There was a joke in South Korea back in the 1990s." The U.S.-South Korea Alliance http://www.cfr.org/south-korea/us-south-korea-alliance/p11459 "The longstanding U.S.-South Korea alliance, originally established during the Cold War as a bulwark against the communist expansion in Asia, has undergone a series of transformations in recent years. " Watch More: Could North and South Korea Ever Reunite? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q_eEYEURi_o&list=UUgRvm1yLFoaQKhmaTqXk9SA&index=246 _________________________ NowThis World is dedicated to bringing you topical explainers about the world around you. Each week we’ll be exploring current stories in international news, by examining the facts, providing historical context, and outlining the key players involved. We’ll also highlight powerful countries, ideologies, influential leaders, and ongoing global conflicts that are shaping the current landscape of the international community across the globe today. More from NowThis: » Subscribe to NowThis News: http://go.nowth.is/News_Subscribe » Like NowThis World on Facebook: https://go.nowth.is/World_Facebook » Connect with Judah: Follow @judah_robinson on Twitter – Facebook: http://go.nowth.is/LikeJudah » Connect with Versha: Follow @versharma on Twitter – Facebook: http://go.nowth.is/LikeVersha http://www.youtube.com/nowthisworld
Views: 110930 NowThis World
6. Expansion and Slavery: Legacies of the Mexican War and the Compromise of 1850
 
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The Civil War and Reconstruction (HIST 119) In this lecture, Professor Blight discusses some of the conflicts, controversies, and compromises that led up to the Civil War. After analyzing Frederick Douglass's 1852 Fourth of July speech and the inherent conflict between American slavery and American freedom, the lecture moves into a lengthy discussion of the war with Mexico in the 1840s. Professor Blight explains why northerners and southerners made "such a fuss" over the issue of slavery's expansion into the western territories. The lecture ends with the crisis over California's admission to statehood and the Compromise of 1850. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Douglass's July Fourth Speech 12:36 - Chapter 2. The Election of 1844 and the Mexican War 25:52 - Chapter 3. Slavery in the West? The Legacy of the Mexican War 36:54 - Chapter 4. A Shrinking South? The South's Stance on Slavery in the West 42:36 - Chapter 5. Plans Leading to the Compromise of 1850 49:24 - Chapter 6. The Election of 1848 and Conclusion Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Spring 2008.
Views: 67138 YaleCourses
Bureau of Land Management
 
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The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) is an agency within the United States Department of the Interior that administers more than 247.3 million acres (1,001,000 km2) of public lands in the United States constituting one-eight of the landmass of the country. President Harry S. Truman created the BLM in 1946 by combining two existing agencies— the General Land Office and the Grazing Service. The agency in addition manages the federal government's nearly 700 million acres (2,800,000 km2) of subsurface mineral estate located beneath federal, state and private lands severed from their surface rights by the Homestead Act of 1862. Most BLM public lands are located in one of 12 western states: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington and Wyoming. The mission of the BLM is "to sustain the health, diversity, and productivity of the public lands for the use and enjoyment of present and future generations." Originally BLM holdings were described as "land nobody wanted" because homesteaders had passed them by. All the same, ranchers hold nearly 18,000 permits and leases for livestock grazing on 155 million acres (630,000 km2) of BLM public lands. The agency manages 221 wilderness areas, 20 national monuments and some 636 other protected areas as part of the National Landscape Conservation System totaling about 30 million acres (120,000 km2). There are more than 63,000 oil and gas wells on BLM public lands; total energy leases generated approximately $5.4 billion in 2013, an amount divided among the Treasury, the states and Native American groups. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 444 Audiopedia
Space, Inc. - Fault Lines
 
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Fault Lines will boldly go where no program has gone before to explore what happens when aggressive corporations search for profits in outer space. For more Fault Lines: http://america.aljazeera.com/watch/shows/fault-lines.html
Views: 3986 Al Jazeera America
The Hardest Life Inside Arizonas Prison
 
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Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western United States and of the Mountain West states. It is the sixth largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona is one of the Four Corners states. It has borders with New Mexico, Utah, Nevada, California, and Mexico, and one point in common with the southwestern corner of Colorado. Arizonas border with Mexico is 389 miles (626 km) long, on the northern border of the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California. Arizona is the 48th state and last of the contiguous states to be admitted to the Union, achieving statehood on February 14, 1912. Historically part of the territory of Alta California in New Spain, it became part of independent Mexico in 1821. After being defeated in the Mexican–American War, Mexico ceded much of this territory to the United States in 1848. The southernmost portion of the state was acquired in 1853 through the Gadsden Purchase. Southern Arizona is known for its desert climate, with very hot summers and mild winters. Northern Arizona features forests of pine, Douglas fir, and spruce trees; the Colorado Plateau; some mountain ranges (such as the San Francisco Mountains); as well as large, deep canyons, with much more moderate summer temperatures and significant winter snowfalls. There are ski resorts in the areas of Flagstaff, Alpine, and Tucson. In addition to the Grand Canyon National Park, there are several national forests, national parks, and national monuments. About one-quarter of the state is made up of Indian reservations that serve as the home of 27 federally recognized Native American tribes, including the Navajo Nation, the largest in the state and the United States, with more than 300,000 citizens. Although federal law gave all Native Americans the right to vote in 1924, Arizona excluded those living on reservations from voting until its state Supreme Court ruled in 1948 in favor of Native American plaintiffs.
Views: 76 Donald Lay
Five Good Ideas: Listening and learning - Indigenous Peoples and human rights
 
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Commissioners Karen Drake (citizen of the Métis Nation of Ontario) and Maurice Switzer (citizen of the Mississaugas of Alderville First Nation) of the Ontario Human Rights Commission joined Chief Commissioner Renu Mandhane to discuss ways to move forward with human rights in the era of reconciliation and nation-to-nation relationship building. A note from Karen Drake: During the program, I forgot to explain the source of my understanding of the story of “Nanaboozhoo and the Maple Trees.” I first came across this story in an article by Lana Ray & Paul Nicholas Cormier, who are from Lake Helen First Nation. My understanding has been shaped by their discussion in their article: Lana Ray & Paul Nicholas Cormier, “Killing the Weendigo with Maple Syrup: Anishinaabe Pedagogy and Post-Secondary Research” (2012) 35:1 Can J Native Education 163 at 165, citing Michael J Caduto & Joseph Bruchac, Keepers of the Earth: Native American Stories and Environmental Activities for Children (Colorado: Fulcrum Publishing, 1989) at 145.
Views: 242 MaytreeToronto
Joy Pullmann Speaks about the Parent Trigger at CPAC Chicago
 
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Joy Pullmann, managing editor of The Heartland Institute's School Reform News and editor of the Education section of the Heartlander digital magazine, spoke at CPAC Chicago on the "Lake Woebegon Effect" on education. The introduction rightly credits Heartland's SRN as being a pioneer in publishing news and information on school choice, "an indisensible resources for what is going on around the country in school reform." Pullmann speaks about the intellectual deficit in today's public education system, despite an average of $13,000 spent per student. Our kids are not only way behind students in most developed nations — and many developing countries — American kids are tragically ignorant about the teachings of liberty and the way our government works. And lest you think kids in "rich" public school districts are doing OK ... Pullmann smashes that myth. Bottom line: The public school system is a failure. We've tragically ceded the direction of the education of our chlidren away from parents and put all the trust in "experts" who didn't earn that and haven't proven they deserve it. And while teachers cannot parent, parents can teach — or at least join others to take better control of their kids education via The Parent Trigger. It's time for parents to assert their rights and take back control over our public schools.
100th Anniversary of the Balfour Declaration
 
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Symposium on the 100th Anniversary of the Balfour Declaration: From the Declaration to the UN Partition Plan Symposium on the 100th Anniversary of the Balfour Declaration: From the Declaration to the UN Partition Plan Time: Oct. 31, 6:30 - 9:30 PM Session I Moderator: Elissa Bemporad (GC, Queens College) 6:30 Sara Reguer (Brooklyn College) 6:35 A British Wartime Commitment—the Balfour Declaration Ronald Zweig (New York University) 7:00 The Balfour Declaration and Its Implementation in the Context of British Colonial Policy KC Johnson (GC, Brooklyn College) 7:25 The United States, Wilsonianism, and the Balfour Declaration Discussion with panel 7:50 Intermission – light refreshments 8:05 Session II Moderator: David Brodsky (GC, Brooklyn College) 8:15 Louis Fishman (GC, Brooklyn College) 8:20 The Palestinians and the Balfour Declaration: from Ottoman Citizens to Resistance, Rejection, and Marginalization Ilan Troen (Brandeis/Ben-Gurion Universities) 8:45 The Balfour Declaration: Historic Significance and Contemporary Relevance Discussion with panel 9:15 The symposium is sponsored by the Graduate Center's Program in History and cosponsored by the GC Program in Political Science and the Center for Jewish Studies. The symposium was supported by the Office of the Provost and the Academic Engagement Network.
Le système dette (audiobook) - Eric Toussaint - 1 sur 2
 
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- S'abonner à la chaîne: https://bit.ly/2KxjCrQ - Soutenir mon travail: https://patreon.com/documents_rares_inedits ---------------------------------------------------
Elliott West: "The Great Coincidence: The California Gold Rush and the Re-making of America"
 
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Elliott West, author and professor of history at the University of Arkansas, begins the Teach-In on the Western Frontier.
Views: 350 OU IACH
Colorado | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Colorado Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Colorado ( (listen), other variants) is a state of the Western United States encompassing most of the southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains. It is the 8th largest geographically and 21st most populous U.S. state. The estimated population of Colorado was 5,607,154 on July 1, 2017, an increase of 11.49% since the 2010 United States Census.The state was named for the Colorado River, which early Spanish explorers named the Río Colorado for the ruddy silt the river carried from the mountains. The Territory of Colorado was organized on February 28, 1861, and on August 1, 1876, U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant signed Proclamation 230 admitting Colorado to the Union as the 38th state. Colorado is nicknamed the "Centennial State" because it became a state one century after the signing of the United States Declaration of Independence. Colorado is bordered by Wyoming to the north, Nebraska to the northeast, Kansas to the east, Oklahoma to the southeast, New Mexico to the south, Utah to the west, and touches Arizona to the southwest at the Four Corners. Colorado is noted for its vivid landscape of mountains, forests, high plains, mesas, canyons, plateaus, rivers, and desert lands. Colorado is part of the western and southwestern United States, and is one of the Mountain States. Denver is the capital and most populous city of Colorado. Residents of the state are known as Coloradans, although the antiquated term "Coloradoan" is occasionally used.Unlike its neighbors to the north, west and east, Colorado has been recognized as a strongly socially liberal state. Same-sex marriage in Colorado has been legal since 2014, and it was the second state in the U.S. (after Washington) to legalize recreational cannabis. The state is known for its progressive views on abortion and assisted suicide; Coloradans rejected a 2008 referendum that would have criminalized abortion, and approved a measure in 2016 that legalized assisted suicide in the state, and remains one of six states (along with the District of Columbia) to have legalized assisted suicide. In 2018, Colorado became the first state in the United States to elect an openly gay governor, Jared Polis, in the 2018 gubernatorial election.
Views: 4 wikipedia tts
Submerged and Lake-front land for sale. Not Buildable.
 
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This land is about 20-30 feet wide at the widest. It is between Aberfeldy Ave N. and the lake. It is right beside 7211 57Th Ave N. Pinellas County Parcel # 31/30/16/10223/001/0391. If you are interested in buying or leasing this property, or think you may have any ideas or use for this property, please Email me and let me know.
Views: 154 dolphinride12345
MISSOURI - WikiVidi Documentary
 
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Missouri is a state in the Midwestern United States. With over six million residents, it is the 18th-most populous state of the Union. The largest urban areas are Kansas City, St. Louis, Springfield, and Columbia; the capital is Jefferson City, located on the Missouri River. The state is the 21st-most extensive in area. In the South are the Ozarks, a forested highland, providing timber, minerals, and recreation. The Mississippi River forms the eastern border of the state. Humans have inhabited the land now known as Missouri for at least 12,000 years. The Mississippian culture built cities and mounds, before declining in the 1300s. When European explorers arrived in the 1600s they encountered the Osage and Missouria nations. The French established Louisiana, a part of New France, and founded Ste. Genevieve in 1735 and St. Louis in 1764. After a brief period of Spanish rule, the United States acquired the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. Americans from the Upland South, including enslaved Af... http://www.wikividi.com ____________________________________ Shortcuts to chapters: 00:03:18: Etymology and pronunciation 00:05:39: Nicknames 00:07:08: Geography 00:08:31: Topography 00:09:42: Climate 00:11:32: Wildlife 00:12:02: History ____________________________________ Copyright WikiVidi. Licensed under Creative Commons. Wikipedia link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Missouri
Colorado | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Colorado 00:02:28 1 Geography 00:03:51 1.1 Mountains 00:04:40 1.2 Plains 00:06:03 1.3 Front range 00:06:54 1.4 Continental Divide 00:07:52 1.5 Southern region 00:08:38 1.6 Peaks 00:10:11 1.7 Colorado Western Slope 00:13:53 2 Climate 00:14:50 2.1 Eastern Plains 00:17:06 2.2 Front range foothills 00:17:54 2.3 Extreme weather 00:20:47 2.4 Records 00:21:17 2.5 Earthquakes 00:22:17 3 History 00:27:28 3.1 Territory act 00:31:32 3.2 Statehood 00:34:01 4 Demographics 00:39:08 4.1 Birth data 00:39:54 4.2 Language 00:40:14 4.3 Religion 00:41:07 4.4 Health 00:41:45 5 Culture 00:41:56 5.1 Fine arts 00:42:09 5.1.1 Film 00:43:32 5.2 Cuisine 00:44:16 5.3 Wine and beer 00:45:46 5.4 Marijuana and hemp 00:47:07 5.4.1 Medicinal use 00:48:15 5.4.2 Recreational use 00:48:46 5.5 Sports 00:49:26 5.5.1 Professional sports teams 00:49:35 5.5.2 College athletics 00:50:08 6 Economy 00:55:14 6.1 Philanthropy 00:55:38 6.2 Natural resources 00:57:43 7 Transportation 01:00:50 8 Government and politics 01:01:00 8.1 State government 01:02:47 8.2 Counties 01:03:31 8.2.1 Metropolitan areas 01:04:58 8.3 Municipalities 01:05:40 8.4 Unincorporated communities 01:06:01 8.5 Special districts 01:09:28 8.6 Federal politics 01:11:44 8.7 Significant bills passed in Colorado 01:12:28 9 Education 01:13:54 10 Military installations 01:15:03 11 Protected areas 01:16:47 12 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Colorado ( (listen), other variants) is a state of the Western United States encompassing most of the southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains. It is the 8th largest geographically and 21st most populous U.S. state. The estimated population of Colorado was 5,607,154 on July 1, 2017, an increase of 11.49% since the 2010 United States Census.The state was named for the Colorado River, which early Spanish explorers named the Río Colorado for the ruddy silt the river carried from the mountains. The Territory of Colorado was organized on February 28, 1861, and on August 1, 1876, U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant signed Proclamation 230 admitting Colorado to the Union as the 38th state. Colorado is nicknamed the "Centennial State" because it became a state one century after the signing of the United States Declaration of Independence. Colorado is bordered by Wyoming to the north, Nebraska to the northeast, Kansas to the east, Oklahoma to the southeast, New Mexico to the south, Utah to the west, and touches Arizona to the southwest at the Four Corners. Colorado is noted for its vivid landscape of mountains, forests, high plains, mesas, canyons, plateaus, rivers and desert lands. Colorado is part of the western and southwestern United States, and is one of the Mountain States. Denver is the capital and most populous city of Colorado. Residents of the state are known as Coloradans, although the antiquated term "Coloradoan" is occasionally used.Unlike its neighbors to the north, west and east, Colorado has been recognized as a strongly socially liberal state. Same-sex marriage in Colorado has been legal since 2014, and it was the second state in the U.S. (after Washington) to legalize recreational cannabis. The state is known for its progressive views on abortion and assisted suicide; Coloradans rejected a 2008 referendum that would have criminalized abortion, and approved a measure in 2016 that legalized assisted suicide in the state, and remains one of six states (along with the District of Columbia) to have legalized assisted suicide. In 2018, Colorado became the first state in the United States to elect an openly gay governor, Jared Polis, in the 2018 gubernatorial election.
Views: 12 wikipedia tts
Matthew Wasniewski - Hispanic Americans in Congress 1822 - 2012
 
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Hispanic Americans in Congress. 1822-2012 Matthew Wasniewski Presentation to Center for Legislative Archives Archives I July 31, 2014
Colorado | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Colorado Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Colorado ( (listen), other variants) is a state of the Western United States encompassing most of the southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains. It is the 8th largest geographically and 21st most populous U.S. state. The estimated population of Colorado was 5,607,154 on July 1, 2017, an increase of 11.49% since the 2010 United States Census.The state was named for the Colorado River, which early Spanish explorers named the Río Colorado for the ruddy silt the river carried from the mountains. The Territory of Colorado was organized on February 28, 1861, and on August 1, 1876, U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant signed Proclamation 230 admitting Colorado to the Union as the 38th state. Colorado is nicknamed the "Centennial State" because it became a state one century after the signing of the United States Declaration of Independence. Colorado is bordered by Wyoming to the north, Nebraska to the northeast, Kansas to the east, Oklahoma to the southeast, New Mexico to the south, Utah to the west, and touches Arizona to the southwest at the Four Corners. Colorado is noted for its vivid landscape of mountains, forests, high plains, mesas, canyons, plateaus, rivers, and desert lands. Colorado is part of the western and southwestern United States, and is one of the Mountain States. Denver is the capital and most populous city of Colorado. Residents of the state are known as Coloradans, although the antiquated term "Coloradoan" is occasionally used.Unlike its neighbors to the north, west and east, Colorado has been recognized as a strongly socially liberal state. Same-sex marriage in Colorado has been legal since 2014, and it was the second state in the U.S. (after Washington) to legalize recreational cannabis. The state is known for its progressive views on abortion and assisted suicide; Coloradans rejected a 2008 referendum that would have criminalized abortion, and approved a measure in 2016 that legalized assisted suicide in the state, and remains one of six states (along with the District of Columbia) to have legalized assisted suicide. In 2018, Colorado became the first state in the United States to elect an openly gay governor, Jared Polis, in the 2018 gubernatorial election.
Views: 19 wikipedia tts
David Morgan -- Satisfaction and Opportunity in Chaotic Times, Ellis Martin Report
 
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For more information visit: 
‪http://www.silver-investor.com/‬ In this interview with Ellis Martin, David Morgan of http://www.themorganreport.com discusses how a seasoned investor looks upon a severly depressed market as a buying opportunity. Also discussed is how we may have gotten here and what constitutes an honest market. Where does one go for sanctuary? http://richesinresources.com/ http://twitter.com/silverguru22
 http://Silver123.net http://www.ellismartinreport.com
Views: 3755 The Morgan Report
OWL Videoconference: Alaska Sequicentennial, September 13, 2017
 
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Panel discussion on the 150th Anniversary of the purchase of Russian interests in Alaska. Presenters: Wayne Jensen, Juneau Terrance Cole, Fairbanks Stephen Haycox, Anchorage Aaron Leggett, Anchorage Ross Coen, Seattle The panel was moderated by Ron Inouye in Fairbanks. This program was presented by the Alaska Library Network and funded by the Alaska Historical Commission.
House Floor Session – part 2D  5/3/18
 
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This is the fourth and final portion of the Thursday House Floor Session. CALENDAR FOR THE DAY. SF3656 (Knoblach) Omnibus Supplemental Finance bill. Runs 2 hour, 34 minutes. * Connect with House Public Information Services: www.house.mn/hinfo/hinfo.asp * Find Minnesota House of Representatives news and updates at Session Daily: www.house.mn/sessiondaily/ *Connect with the Minnesota House of Representatives: www.house.mn
Views: 167 MNHouseInfo
Lynching in the United States | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Lynching in the United States 00:03:30 1 Background 00:07:58 2 Name origin 00:08:28 3 Social characteristics 00:11:32 4 The West 00:14:42 5 Reconstruction (1865–1877) 00:18:48 6 Disenfranchisement (1877–1917) 00:23:19 6.1 Other ethnicities 00:26:20 6.2 Enforcing Jim Crow 00:33:30 7 Photographic records and postcards 00:38:22 7.1 Resistance 00:41:43 7.2 Federal action limited by the Solid South 00:44:53 7.3 Great Migration 00:46:53 8 World War I to World War II 00:47:04 8.1 Resistance 00:48:11 8.2 New Klan 00:51:26 8.3 Continuing resistance 00:57:00 8.4 Federal action and southern resistance 01:00:34 9 World War II to present 01:00:44 9.1 Second Great Migration 01:01:41 9.2 Federal action 01:03:36 9.3 Lynching and the Cold War 01:05:13 9.4 Civil Rights Movement 01:08:32 9.5 After the Civil Rights Movement 01:11:48 10 Effects 01:12:29 11 Statistics 01:18:30 12 Representation in popular culture 01:18:41 12.1 Literature and film 01:24:52 12.2 Strange Fruit 01:26:05 13 Laws 01:29:31 13.1 State laws 01:33:32 14 See also 01:33:41 15 Notes 01:33:49 16 Books and references 01:39:24 17 Further reading 01:43:36 18 External links Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Lynching is the practice of murder by a group by extrajudicial action. Lynchings in the United States rose in number after the American Civil War in the late 1800s, following the emancipation of slaves; they declined in the 1920s but have continued to take place into the 21st century. Most lynchings were of African-American men in the South, but women were also lynched, and white lynchings of blacks occurred in Midwestern and border states, especially during the 20th-century Great Migration of blacks out of the South. The purpose was to enforce white supremacy and intimidate blacks by racial terrorism. On a per capita basis lynchings were also common in California and the Old West, especially of Latinos, although they represented less than 10% of the national total. Native Americans and Asian Americans were also lynched. Other ethnicities (white, Finnish-American, Jewish, Irish, Italian-American) were occasionally lynched. The stereotype of a lynching is a hanging, because hangings are what crowds of people saw, and are also easy to photograph. Some hangings were professionally photographed and sold as postcards, which were popular souvenirs in some parts of the U.S. Victims were also killed by mobs in a variety of other ways: shot repeatedly, burned alive, forced to jump off a bridge, dragged behind cars, and the like. Sometimes they were tortured as well, with body parts sometimes removed and sold as souvenirs. Occasionally lynchings were not fatal (see Lynching survivors in the United States). A "mock" lynching, putting the rope around the neck of someone suspected of concealing information, might be used to compel "confessions".According to the Tuskegee Institute, 4,743 people were lynched between 1882 and 1968 in the United States, including 3,446 African Americans and 1,297 whites. More than 73 percent of lynchings in the post-Civil War period occurred in the Southern states. According to the Equal Justice Initiative, 4,084 African-Americans were lynched between 1877 and 1950 in the South.Lynchings were most frequent from 1890 to the 1920s, with a peak in 1892. Lynchings were often large mob actions, attended by hundreds or thousands of watchers, sometimes announced in advance in newspapers and in one instance with a special train. However, in the later 20th century lynchings became more secretive, and were conducted by smaller groups of people. According to Michael Pfeifer, the prevalence of lynching in postbellum America reflects lack of confidence in the "due process" judicial system. He links the decline in lynching in the early twentieth century with "the advent of the modern death penalty": "legislators renovated the death penalty...out of direct concern for the alternative of mob violence". He also cites "the modern, racialized excesses of u ...
Views: 164 wikipedia tts
GEORGE OCHENSKI: Federal land transfer movement running out of options.
 
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http://missoulian.com/news/opinion/columnists/george-ochenski-federal-land-transfer-movement-running-out-of-options/article_a1e2d5c4-04d9-56c5-bffa-60c1f617345a.html GEORGE OCHENSKI: Federal land transfer movement running out of options. Those with good memories will recall the so-called Sagebrush Rebellion of the '70s and '80s in which those seeking more resource extraction in the West demanded state and local control of federal lands. That “rebellion,” going nowhere, morphed into the misnamed “Wise Use” movement. Same bad actors, same bad goals. When that fizzled, the latest incarnation, primarily centered in Utah, turned to armed occupation of federal lands and facilities by individuals like the Bundys, who believed their god told them to take the land by force. But like all the former failures, fortunately for our publicly owned federal lands, the latest batch of transfer proponents are simply running out of options. Last week, in a body blow to the land transfer efforts, Western states’ attorneys general voted 11 to 1 to accept a highly technical analysis that found a potential lawsuit seeking 30 million acres of federal land be ceded to the Utah, is unlikely to succeed, despite the state’s unenlightened legislature appropriating $2 million on lawyers. When you consider that Montana’s Republican Attorney General Tim Fox was among the overwhelming majority of AGs to support the report’s conclusion, it becomes clear that this is not a finding that is tainted by politics or partisan influences. That’s bolstered by the fact that of the AGs from Alaska, Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington and Wyoming, seven are Republicans, three are Democrats and one is an Independent. It is particularly notable that Fox’s Chief Deputy Attorney General, Alan Joscelyn, contributed legal research and analysis to the report, which was two years in the making. While this may seem like no big deal, those familiar with Joscelyn’s past as one of the leading attorneys for mining corporations in Montana will be assured that if a land transfer lawsuit had a chance in court, he would have uncovered it. In fact, the report relies heavily on past Supreme Court and federal court precedents to refute the potential to legally force the federal government to cede its lands to states. As reported by the Associated Press, the analysis “found that the U.S. Supreme Court has repeatedly ruled that the Property Clause of the Constitution gives the U.S. government the right to own public lands and keep them public and the exclusive power to decide whether to dispose of them or sell them off… and has also found the government's authority under the Property Clause of the Constitution ‘has no limitations.’" In the meantime, another ill-fated attempt to take federal lands by force is heading toward a conclusion in federal court in Portland, Oregon. Visit CHAOS View Archive For More CHAOS NEWS: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCUiFq-IUU64l62ygPdbVnIA . [email protected] . #trump donald trump potus sean spicer chinada3 . https://challengingtherhetoric.wordpress.com/2017/01/22/new-allegations-of-multi-state-merchant-services-credit-card-fraud-and-money-laundering-lobbied-against-former-florida-ftc-robocall-defendant-jaime-spears-aldazabal-by-prominent-members-of-the-milit/ . CHAOS VIEW ARCHIVE . https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fdMT8gFI-rk . Who Is Steve Bannon? - The Preliminary Investigation Begins - POTUS DONALD TRUMP https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iuIkW7Bg1fY . https://chaosviewarchive.wordpress.com/ . Who Is Steve Bannon? - The Alt-Right In The Mainstream - Milo Yiannopoulos Donald Trump UC Berkeley https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A1cH0piULkc . https://chaosviewarchive.wordpress.com/2017/02/04/live-chaos-with-cheri-roberts-gary-huntbundy-ranchnevadaoregon-standoffppodeb-jordan-more-jaime-spears-aldazabal/ https://youtu.be/faIslMIvi8A III% Militia Protects David Duke And Other Racists At White Supremacist Rally #Charlottesville https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PaoGWigCqtU https://chaosviewarchive.wordpress.com/2017/08/14/iii-militia-protects-david-duke-and-other-racists-at-white-supremacist-rally-charlottesville/
Views: 15 CHAOS BOT
2017 Varsity Quiz Championship Season Quarterfinals  IV
 
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Varsity Quiz Championship Season, Quarterfinal IV, Palo Verde High School vs. Coronado High School. VARQUI0108HDBA
Views: 318 Vegas PBS
Glen Canyon Dam
 
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Glen Canyon Dam is a concrete arch dam on the Colorado River in northern Arizona in the United States, near the town of Page. The dam was built to provide hydroelectricity and flow regulation from the upper Colorado River Basin to the lower. Its reservoir is called Lake Powell, and is the second-largest artificial lake in the country, extending upriver well into Utah. The dam is named for Glen Canyon, a colorful series of gorges, most of which now lies under the reservoir. The dam was proposed in the 1950s as part of the Colorado River Storage Project, a U.S. Bureau of Reclamation federal water project that would develop reservoir storage on the upper Colorado River and several of its major tributaries. The project's main purpose was to provide water storage to ensure the delivery of sufficient water to the lower basin during years of drought, so as to allow the upper basin to better utilize its allocation of river flow as designated in the 1922 Colorado River Compact. However, problems arose when the USBR proposed to build dams in the federally protected Echo Park canyon in Utah. After extensive policy disputes and legal challenges with environmental organizations such as the Sierra Club, they settled for a high dam at Glen Canyon. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 206 Audiopedia
Nancy Pelosi
 
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Nancy Patricia D'Alesandro Pelosi (/pəˈloʊsi/; born March 26, 1940) is the Minority Leader of the United States House of Representatives and served as the 60th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 2007 to 2011. She is the only woman to have served as the House Speaker and to date is the highest-ranking female politician in American history. A member of the Democratic Party, Pelosi represents California's 12th congressional district, which consists of four-fifths of the city and county of San Francisco. The district was numbered as the 5th during Pelosi's first three terms in the House, and as the 8th from 1993 to 2013. She served as the House Minority Whip from 2002 to 2003, and was House Minority Leader from 2003 to 2007, holding the post during the 108th and 109th Congresses. Pelosi is the first woman, the first Californian and first Italian-American to lead a major party in Congress. After the Democrats took control of the House in 2007 and increased their majority in 2009, Pelosi was elected Speaker of the House for the 110th and 111th Congresses. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 377 Audiopedia
Indian Territory | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Indian Territory 00:01:23 1 Description and geography 00:03:37 2 History 00:03:45 2.1 Indian Reserve and Louisiana Purchase 00:07:58 2.2 Relocation and treaties 00:09:40 2.3 Reductions of area 00:12:21 2.4 Civil War and Reconstruction 00:17:51 2.5 Oklahoma Territory, end of territories upon statehood 00:19:05 3 Tribes in Indian Territory 00:19:15 3.1 Tribes indigenous to Oklahoma 00:22:14 3.2 Tribes from the Southeastern Woodlands 00:26:09 3.3 Tribes from the Great Lakes and Northeastern Woodlands 00:28:30 3.3.1 Iroquois Confederacy 00:29:42 3.4 Plains Indian tribes 00:37:59 3.5 Plateau tribes 00:38:41 4 Government 00:40:34 5 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= As general terms, Indian Territory, the Indian Territories, or Indian country describe an evolving land area set aside by the United States Government for the relocation of Native Americans who held aboriginal title to their land. In general, the tribes ceded land they occupied in exchange for land grants in 1803. The concept of an Indian Territory was an outcome of the 18th- and 19th-century policy of Indian removal. After the Civil War (1861–1865), the policy of the government was one of assimilation. The term Indian Reserve describes lands the British government set aside for indigenous tribes between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River in the time before the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783). Indian Territory later came to refer to an unorganized territory whose general borders were initially set by the Indian Intercourse Act of 1834, and was the successor to the remainder of the Missouri Territory after Missouri received statehood. The borders of Indian Territory were reduced in size as various Organic Acts were passed by Congress to create incorporated territories of the United States. The 1907 Oklahoma Enabling Act created the single state of Oklahoma by combining Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory, ending the existence of an Indian Territory.
Views: 17 wikipedia tts
Timeline of United States military operations | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Timeline of United States military operations 00:00:33 1 Extraterritorial and major domestic deployments 00:00:52 1.1 1775–1799 00:03:29 1.2 1800–1809 00:04:53 1.3 1810–1819 00:09:13 1.4 1820–1829 00:10:43 1.5 1830–1839 00:13:10 1.6 1840–1849 00:15:56 1.7 1850–1859 00:21:11 1.8 1860–1869 00:24:21 1.9 1870–1879 00:26:21 1.10 1880–1889 00:27:54 1.11 1890–1899 00:32:44 1.12 1900–1909 00:36:24 1.13 1910–1919 00:44:36 1.14 1920–1929 00:48:10 1.15 1930–1939 00:49:03 1.16 1940–1944 00:50:41 1.17 1945–1949 00:53:01 1.18 1950–1959 00:56:15 1.19 1960–1969 00:58:50 1.20 1970–1979 01:02:00 1.21 1980–1989 01:12:01 1.22 1990–1999 01:22:28 1.23 2000–2009 01:27:43 1.24 2010–present 01:34:18 2 Battles with the Native Americans 01:34:36 3 Relocation 01:35:09 4 Armed insurrections and slave revolts 01:37:14 5 Range wars 01:38:06 6 Bloody local feuds 01:38:25 7 Bloodless boundary disputes 01:39:13 8 Terrorist, paramilitary groups and guerrilla warfare 01:39:25 8.1 18th and 19th century 01:40:12 9 Labor–management disputes 01:40:47 10 State and national secession attempts 01:41:25 11 Riots and public disorder 01:41:48 12 Miscellaneous 01:43:01 12.1 Latter-day Saints 01:43:16 12.2 Republic of Texas 01:43:33 13 See also 01:43:42 14 Notes Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= This timeline of United States government military operations is based on the Committee on International Relations (now known as the U.S. House Committee on Foreign Affairs). Dates show the years in which U.S. government military units participated. Items in bold are the U.S. government wars most often considered to be major conflicts by historians and the general public. Note that instances where the U.S. government gave aid alone, with no military personnel involvement, are excluded, as are Central Intelligence Agency operations.
Views: 71 wikipedia tts
Texas | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Texas Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Texas (, locally ; Spanish: Texas or Tejas [ˈtexas]) is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast. Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth largest in the U.S., while San Antonio is the second-most populous in the state and seventh largest in the U.S. Dallas–Fort Worth and Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest metropolitan statistical areas in the country, respectively. Other major cities include Austin, the second-most populous state capital in the U.S., and El Paso. Texas is nicknamed "The Lone Star State" to signify its former status as an independent republic, and as a reminder of the state's struggle for independence from Mexico. The "Lone Star" can be found on the Texas state flag and on the Texan state seal. The origin of Texas's name is from the word taysha, which means "friends" in the Caddo language.Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse landscapes common to both the U.S. Southern and Southwestern regions. Although Texas is popularly associated with the U.S. southwestern deserts, less than 10% of Texas's land area is desert. Most of the population centers are in areas of former prairies, grasslands, forests, and the coastline. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, and finally the desert and mountains of the Big Bend. The term "six flags over Texas" refers to several nations that have ruled over the territory. Spain was the first European country to claim the area of Texas. France held a short-lived colony. Mexico controlled the territory until 1836 when Texas won its independence, becoming an independent Republic. In 1845, Texas joined the union as the 28th state. The state's annexation set off a chain of events that led to the Mexican–American War in 1846. A slave state before the American Civil War, Texas declared its secession from the U.S. in early 1861, and officially joined the Confederate States of America on March 2 of the same year. After the Civil War and the restoration of its representation in the federal government, Texas entered a long period of economic stagnation. Historically four major industries shaped the Texas economy prior to World War II: cattle and bison, cotton, timber, and oil. Before and after the U.S. Civil War the cattle industry, which Texas came to dominate, was a major economic driver for the state, thus creating the traditional image of the Texas cowboy. In the later 19th century cotton and lumber grew to be major industries as the cattle industry became less lucrative. It was ultimately, though, the discovery of major petroleum deposits (Spindletop in particular) that initiated an economic boom which became the driving force behind the economy for much of the 20th century. With strong investments in universities, Texas developed a diversified economy and high tech industry in the mid-20th century. As of 2015, it is second on the list of the most Fortune 500 companies with 54. With a growing base of industry, the state leads in many industries, including agriculture, petrochemicals, energy, computers and electronics, aerospace, and biomedical sciences. Texas has led the U.S. in state export revenue since 2002, and has the second-highest gross state product. If Texas were a sovereign state, it would be the 10th largest economy in the world.
Views: 38 wikipedia tts
United States | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: United States 00:04:39 1 Etymology 00:08:02 2 History 00:08:11 2.1 Indigenous peoples and pre-Columbian history 00:10:36 2.2 European settlements 00:15:56 2.2.1 Effects on and interaction with native populations 00:17:45 2.3 Independence and expansion (1776–1865) 00:22:27 2.4 Civil War and Reconstruction era 00:25:50 2.5 Further immigration, expansion, and industrialization 00:28:11 2.6 World War I, Great Depression, and World War II 00:31:01 2.7 Cold War and civil rights era 00:34:34 2.8 Contemporary history 00:39:02 3 Geography, climate, and environment 00:43:37 3.1 Wildlife 00:45:29 4 Demographics 00:45:38 4.1 Population 00:51:40 4.2 Language 00:53:39 4.3 Religion 00:58:01 4.4 Family structure 00:59:41 4.5 Health 01:03:08 4.6 Education 01:05:10 5 Government and politics 01:09:03 5.1 Political divisions 01:10:53 5.2 Parties and elections 01:13:08 5.3 Foreign relations 01:15:45 5.4 Government finance 01:20:00 5.5 Military 01:22:44 6 Law enforcement and crime 01:28:25 7 Economy 01:33:58 7.1 Science and technology 01:37:06 7.2 Income, poverty and wealth 01:41:57 8 Infrastructure 01:42:06 8.1 Transportation 01:44:31 8.2 Energy 01:45:34 8.3 Water supply and sanitation 01:46:12 9 Culture 01:48:32 9.1 Food 01:50:40 9.2 Literature, philosophy, and visual art 01:54:39 9.3 Music 01:56:19 9.4 Cinema 01:59:09 9.5 Sports 02:01:28 9.6 Mass media 02:04:34 10 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles (9.8 million km2), the United States is the world's third- or fourth-largest country by total area and slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles (10.1 million km2). With a population of over 325 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century. The United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, and the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776. The war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties. The United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, and gradually admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery. By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, and its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power. The United States emer ...
Views: 36 wikipedia tts
Michigan | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Michigan 00:03:00 1 History 00:04:26 1.1 17th century 00:05:27 1.2 18th century 00:09:14 1.3 19th century 00:13:10 1.4 20th and 21st centuries 00:18:46 2 Government 00:18:55 2.1 State government 00:23:11 2.2 Law 00:23:47 2.3 Politics 00:28:33 2.4 Administrative divisions 00:30:24 3 Geography 00:37:46 3.1 Climate 00:39:46 3.2 Geology 00:41:10 4 Demographics 00:41:19 4.1 Population 00:45:41 4.2 Birth data 00:46:19 4.3 Languages 00:47:30 4.4 Religion 00:50:26 5 Economy 00:55:27 5.1 Taxation 00:56:52 5.2 Agriculture 00:59:17 5.3 Tourism 01:02:22 6 Transportation 01:02:32 6.1 Canadian international crossings 01:03:37 6.2 Railroads 01:04:20 6.3 Roadways 01:07:27 6.4 Airports 01:08:12 7 Large cities, townships, and metropolitan areas 01:10:02 8 Education 01:11:04 9 Culture 01:11:13 9.1 Arts 01:11:21 9.1.1 Music 01:12:01 9.1.2 Performance arts 01:12:46 9.2 Sports 01:15:23 10 State symbols and nicknames 01:16:19 11 Sister regions 01:16:35 12 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Michigan ( (listen)) is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States. The state's name, Michigan, originates from the Ojibwe word mishigamaa, meaning "large water" or "large lake". Michigan is the tenth most populous of the 50 United States, with the 11th most extensive total area, and is the largest state by total area east of the Mississippi River. Michigan has a population of about 10 million. Its capital is Lansing and its largest city is Detroit. Metro Detroit is among the nation's most populous and largest metropolitan economies. Michigan is the only state to consist of two peninsulas. The Lower Peninsula, to which the name Michigan was originally applied, is often noted as shaped like a mitten. The Upper Peninsula (often called "the U.P.") is separated from the Lower Peninsula by the Straits of Mackinac, a five-mile (8 km) channel that joins Lake Huron to Lake Michigan. The Mackinac Bridge connects the peninsulas. The state has the longest freshwater coastline of any political subdivision in the world, being bounded by four of the five Great Lakes, plus Lake Saint Clair. As a result, it is one of the leading U.S. states for recreational boating. Michigan also has 64,980 inland lakes and ponds. A person in the state is never more than six miles (9.7 km) from a natural water source or more than 85 miles (137 km) from a Great Lakes shoreline.The area was first settled by Native American tribes, whose successive cultures occupied the territory for thousands of years. Colonized by French explorers in the 17th century, it was claimed as part of New France. After France's defeat in the French and Indian War in 1762, the region came under British rule. Britain ceded this territory to the newly independent United States after Britain's defeat in the American Revolutionary War. The area was part of the larger Northwest Territory until 1800, when western Michigan became part of the Indiana Territory. Michigan Territory was formed in 1805, but some of the northern border with Canada was not agreed upon until after the War of 1812. Michigan was admitted into the Union in 1837 as the 26th state, a free one. It soon became an important center of industry and trade in the Great Lakes region and a popular immigrant destination in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Although Michigan developed a diverse economy, it is widely known as the center of the U.S. automotive industry, which developed as a major economic force in the early 20th century. It is home to the country's three major automobile companies (whose headquarters are all within the Detroit metropolitan area). While sparsely populated, the Upper Peninsula is important for tourism thanks to its abundance of natural resources, while the Lower Peninsula is a center of manufacturing, forestry, agriculture, services, and high-tech industry.
Views: 22 wikipedia tts
Wyoming | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Wyoming 00:02:25 1 Geography 00:02:34 1.1 Climate 00:05:20 1.2 Location and size 00:07:00 1.3 Natural landforms 00:07:09 1.3.1 Mountain ranges 00:09:26 1.3.2 Islands 00:09:49 1.4 Regions and administrative divisions 00:09:59 1.4.1 Counties 00:10:27 1.4.2 Cities and towns 00:10:49 1.4.3 Metropolitan areas 00:11:22 1.4.4 Wind River Indian Reservation 00:12:37 1.4.5 Public lands 00:15:06 2 History 00:19:27 3 Demographics 00:19:36 3.1 Population 00:22:45 3.2 Birth data 00:23:12 4 Government and politics 00:23:22 4.1 State government 00:24:14 4.2 Judicial system 00:25:45 4.3 Political history 00:27:55 4.4 Voter registration 00:28:08 4.4.1 Voter registration by county 00:28:27 5 Culture 00:28:36 5.1 Languages 00:29:47 5.2 Religion 00:30:55 5.3 Sports 00:31:44 5.4 State symbols 00:32:42 6 Economy and infrastructure 00:35:19 6.1 Mineral and energy production 00:38:31 6.2 Taxes 00:41:32 6.3 Transportation 00:43:48 7 Education 00:44:28 7.1 Higher education 00:45:18 8 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Wyoming ( (listen)) is a state in the mountain region of the western United States. The state is the 10th largest by area, the least populous, and the second most sparsely populated state in the country. Wyoming is bordered on the north by Montana, on the east by South Dakota and Nebraska, on the south by Colorado, on the southwest by Utah, and on the west by Idaho and Montana. The state population was estimated at 586,107 in 2015, which is less than 31 of the most populous U.S. cities including neighboring Denver. Cheyenne is the state capital and the most populous city, with an estimated population of 63,335 in 2015.The western two-thirds of the state is covered mostly by the mountain ranges and rangelands of the Rocky Mountains, while the eastern third of the state is high elevation prairie called the High Plains. Almost half of the land in Wyoming is owned by the U.S. government, leading Wyoming to rank sixth by area and fifth by proportion of a state's land owned by the federal government. Federal lands include two national parks—Grand Teton and Yellowstone—two national recreation areas, two national monuments, several national forests, historic sites, fish hatcheries, and wildlife refuges. Original inhabitants of the region include the Crow, Arapaho, Lakota, and Shoshone. Southwestern Wyoming was in the Spanish Empire and then Mexican territory until it was ceded to the United States in 1848 at the end of the Mexican–American War. The region acquired the name Wyoming when a bill was introduced to the U.S. Congress in 1865 to provide a "temporary government for the territory of Wyoming". The name was used earlier for the Wyoming Valley in Pennsylvania, and is derived from the Munsee word xwé:wamənk, meaning "at the big river flat".The main drivers of Wyoming's economy are mineral extraction—mostly coal, oil, natural gas, and trona—and tourism. Agricultural commodities include livestock (beef), hay, sugar beets, grain (wheat and barley), and wool. The climate is semi-arid and continental, drier and windier than the rest of the U.S., with greater temperature extremes. Wyoming has been a politically conservative state since the 1950s, with the Republican Party candidate winning every presidential election except 1964.
Views: 10 Subhajit Sahu
California | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: California Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. With 39.5 million residents, California is the most populous U.S. state and the third-largest by area. The state capital is Sacramento. The Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second- and fifth-most populous urban regions, with 18.7 million and 8.8 million residents respectively. Los Angeles is California's most populous city, and the country's second-most populous, after New York City. California also has the nation's most populous county, Los Angeles County; its largest county by area, San Bernardino County; and its fifth most densely populated county, San Francisco. California's $2.8 trillion economy is larger than that of any other state. If it were a country, California would be the 5th largest economy in the world (larger than the U.K. or France), and the 36th most populous as of 2017. The Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second- and third-largest urban economies ($1.253 trillion and $878 billion respectively as of 2017), after the New York City metropolitan area. The San Francisco Bay Area PSA had the nation's highest GDP per capita in 2017 (~$99,000), and is home to four of the world's ten largest companies by market capitalization and four of the world's ten richest people.California is considered a global trendsetter in popular culture, innovation, and politics. It is considered the origin of the American film industry, the hippie counterculture, the Internet, and the personal computer, among others. The San Francisco Bay Area and the Greater Los Angeles Area are widely seen as the centers of the global technology and entertainment industries, respectively. California has a very diverse economy: 58% of the state's economy is centered on finance, government, real estate services, technology, and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5% of the state's economy, California's agriculture industry has the highest output of any U.S. state.California is bordered by Oregon to the north, Nevada and Arizona to the east, and the Mexican state of Baja California to the south (with the coast being on the west). The state's diverse geography ranges from the Pacific Coast in the west to the Sierra Nevada mountain range in the east, and from the redwood–Douglas fir forests in the northwest to the Mojave Desert in the southeast. The Central Valley, a major agricultural area, dominates the state's center. Although California is well-known for its warm Mediterranean climate, the large size of the state results in climates that vary from moist temperate rainforest in the north to arid desert in the interior, as well as snowy alpine in the mountains. Over time, drought and wildfires have become more pervasive features.What is now California was first settled by various Native Californian tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries. The Spanish Empire then claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its successful war for independence but was ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Mexican–American War. The western portion of Alta California then was organized and admitted as the 31st state on September 9, 1850. The California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom.
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Michigan | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:30:39
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michigan 00:03:34 1 History 00:05:14 1.1 17th century 00:06:26 1.2 18th century 00:10:55 1.3 19th century 00:15:35 1.4 20th and 21st centuries 00:22:14 2 Government 00:22:23 2.1 State government 00:27:26 2.2 Law 00:28:07 2.3 Politics 00:33:45 2.4 Administrative divisions 00:35:57 3 Geography 00:44:43 3.1 Climate 00:47:03 3.2 Geology 00:48:41 4 Demographics 00:48:51 4.1 Population 00:53:59 4.2 Birth data 00:54:43 4.3 Languages 00:56:07 4.4 Religion 00:59:33 5 Economy 01:05:31 5.1 Taxation 01:07:11 5.2 Agriculture 01:10:03 5.3 Tourism 01:13:43 6 Transportation 01:13:53 6.1 Canadian international crossings 01:15:09 6.2 Railroads 01:15:58 6.3 Roadways 01:19:39 6.4 Airports 01:20:31 7 Large cities, townships, and metropolitan areas 01:22:39 8 Education 01:23:50 9 Culture 01:23:59 9.1 Arts 01:24:07 9.1.1 Music 01:24:55 9.1.2 Performance arts 01:25:47 9.2 Sports 01:28:54 10 State symbols and nicknames 01:30:00 11 Sister regions 01:30:16 12 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8770761968915368 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-C "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Michigan ( (listen)) is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States. The state's name, Michigan, originates from the Ojibwe word mishigamaa, meaning "large water" or "large lake". Michigan is the tenth most populous of the 50 United States, with the 11th most extensive total area, and is the largest state by total area east of the Mississippi River. Michigan has a population of about 10 million. Its capital is Lansing and its largest city is Detroit. Metro Detroit is among the nation's most populous and largest metropolitan economies. Michigan is the only state to consist of two peninsulas. The Lower Peninsula, to which the name Michigan was originally applied, is often noted as shaped like a mitten. The Upper Peninsula (often called "the U.P.") is separated from the Lower Peninsula by the Straits of Mackinac, a five-mile (8 km) channel that joins Lake Huron to Lake Michigan. The Mackinac Bridge connects the peninsulas. The state has the longest freshwater coastline of any political subdivision in the world, being bounded by four of the five Great Lakes, plus Lake Saint Clair. As a result, it is one of the leading U.S. states for recreational boating. Michigan also has 64,980 inland lakes and ponds. A person in the state is never more than six miles (9.7 km) from a natural water source or more than 85 miles (137 km) from a Great Lakes shoreline.The area was first settled by Native American tribes, whose successive cultures occupied the territory for thousands of years. Colonized by French explorers in the 17th century, it was claimed as part of New France. After France's defeat in the French and Indian War in 1762, the region came under British rule. Britain ceded this territory to the newly independent United States after Britain's defeat in the American Revolutionary War. The area was part of the larger Northwest Territory until 1800, when western Michigan became part of the Indiana Territory. Michigan Territory was formed in 1805, but some of the northern border with Canada was not agreed upon until after the War of 1812. Michigan was admitted into the Union in 1837 as the 26th state, a free one. It soon became an important center of industry and trade in the Great Lakes region and a popular immigrant destination in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Although Michigan developed a diverse economy, it is widely known as the center of the U.S. automotive industry, which developed as a major economic force in the early 20th century. It is home to the country's three major automobile companies (whose headquarters are all within the Detroit metropolitan area). While sparsely populated, the Upper Peninsula is important for tourism thanks to its abundance of natural resources, while the Lower Peninsula is a center of manufa ...
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Michigan | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:17:10
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michigan 00:03:01 1 History 00:04:27 1.1 17th century 00:05:29 1.2 18th century 00:09:17 1.3 19th century 00:13:14 1.4 20th and 21st centuries 00:18:50 2 Government 00:18:59 2.1 State government 00:23:15 2.2 Law 00:23:52 2.3 Politics 00:28:38 2.4 Administrative divisions 00:30:30 3 Geography 00:37:54 3.1 Climate 00:39:54 3.2 Geology 00:41:18 4 Demographics 00:41:27 4.1 Population 00:45:50 4.2 Birth data 00:46:27 4.3 Languages 00:47:40 4.4 Religion 00:50:36 5 Economy 00:55:38 5.1 Taxation 00:57:03 5.2 Agriculture 00:59:29 5.3 Tourism 01:02:35 6 Transportation 01:02:44 6.1 Canadian international crossings 01:03:50 6.2 Railroads 01:04:33 6.3 Roadways 01:07:39 6.4 Airports 01:08:24 7 Large cities, townships, and metropolitan areas 01:10:14 8 Education 01:11:16 9 Culture 01:11:25 9.1 Arts 01:11:33 9.1.1 Music 01:12:14 9.1.2 Performance arts 01:12:59 9.2 Sports 01:15:36 10 State symbols and nicknames 01:16:33 11 Sister regions 01:16:48 12 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Michigan ( (listen)) is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States. The state's name, Michigan, originates from the Ojibwe word mishigamaa, meaning "large water" or "large lake". Michigan is the tenth most populous of the 50 United States, with the 11th most extensive total area, and is the largest state by total area east of the Mississippi River. Michigan has a population of about 10 million. Its capital is Lansing and its largest city is Detroit. Metro Detroit is among the nation's most populous and largest metropolitan economies. Michigan is the only state to consist of two peninsulas. The Lower Peninsula, to which the name Michigan was originally applied, is often noted as shaped like a mitten. The Upper Peninsula (often called "the U.P.") is separated from the Lower Peninsula by the Straits of Mackinac, a five-mile (8 km) channel that joins Lake Huron to Lake Michigan. The Mackinac Bridge connects the peninsulas. The state has the longest freshwater coastline of any political subdivision in the world, being bounded by four of the five Great Lakes, plus Lake Saint Clair. As a result, it is one of the leading U.S. states for recreational boating. Michigan also has 64,980 inland lakes and ponds. A person in the state is never more than six miles (9.7 km) from a natural water source or more than 85 miles (137 km) from a Great Lakes shoreline.The area was first settled by Native American tribes, whose successive cultures occupied the territory for thousands of years. Colonized by French explorers in the 17th century, it was claimed as part of New France. After France's defeat in the French and Indian War in 1762, the region came under British rule. Britain ceded this territory to the newly independent United States after Britain's defeat in the American Revolutionary War. The area was part of the larger Northwest Territory until 1800, when western Michigan became part of the Indiana Territory. Michigan Territory was formed in 1805, but some of the northern border with Canada was not agreed upon until after the War of 1812. Michigan was admitted into the Union in 1837 as the 26th state, a free one. It soon became an important center of industry and trade in the Great Lakes region and a popular immigrant destination in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Although Michigan developed a diverse economy, it is widely known as the center of the U.S. automotive industry, which developed as a major economic force in the early 20th century. It is home to the country's three major automobile companies (whose headquarters are all within the Detroit metropolitan area). While sparsely populated, the Upper Peninsula is important for tourism thanks to its abundance of natural resources, while the Lower Peninsula is a center of manufacturing, forestry, agriculture, services, and high-tech indu ...
Views: 17 wikipedia tts
Jurisdiction | Wikipedia audio article
 
20:35
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Jurisdiction Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Jurisdiction (from the Latin ius, iuris meaning "law" and dicere meaning "to speak") is the practical authority granted to a legal body to administer justice within a defined field of responsibility, e.g., Michigan tax law. In federations like the United States, areas of jurisdiction apply to local, state, and federal levels; e.g. the court has jurisdiction to apply federal law. Colloquially it is used to refer to the geographical area to which such authority applies, e.g. the court has jurisdiction over all of Colorado. The legal term refers only to the granted authority, not to a geographical area. Jurisdiction draws its substance from international law, conflict of laws, constitutional law, and the powers of the executive and legislative branches of government to allocate resources to best serve the needs of society.
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Oregon Trail | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:52:13
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Oregon Trail Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Oregon Trail is a 2,170-mile (3,490 km) historic East–West, large-wheeled wagon route and emigrant trail in the United States that connected the Missouri River to valleys in Oregon. The eastern part of the Oregon Trail spanned part of the future state of Kansas, and nearly all of what are now the states of Nebraska and Wyoming. The western half of the trail spanned most of the future states of Idaho and Oregon. The Oregon Trail was laid by fur traders and traders from about 1811 to 1840, and was only passable on foot or by horseback. By 1836, when the first migrant wagon train was organized in Independence, Missouri, a wagon trail had been cleared to Fort Hall, Idaho. Wagon trails were cleared increasingly farther west, and eventually reached all the way to the Willamette Valley in Oregon, at which point what came to be called the Oregon Trail was complete, even as almost annual improvements were made in the form of bridges, cutoffs, ferries, and roads, which made the trip faster and safer. From various starting points in Iowa, Missouri, or Nebraska Territory, the routes converged along the lower Platte River Valley near Fort Kearny, Nebraska Territory and led to rich farmlands west of the Rocky Mountains. From the early to mid-1830s (and particularly through the years 1846–69) the Oregon Trail and its many offshoots were used by about 400,000 settlers, farmers, miners, ranchers, and business owners and their families. The eastern half of the trail was also used by travelers on the California Trail (from 1843), Mormon Trail (from 1847), and Bozeman Trail (from 1863), before turning off to their separate destinations. Use of the trail declined as the first transcontinental railroad was completed in 1869, making the trip west substantially faster, cheaper, and safer. Today, modern highways, such as Interstate 80 and Interstate 84, follow parts of the same course westward and pass through towns originally established to serve those using the Oregon Trail.
Views: 33 wikipedia tts
Montana | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:44:57
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Montana Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Montana ( (listen)) is a state in the Northwestern United States. Montana has several nicknames, although none are official, including "Big Sky Country" and "The Treasure State", and slogans that include "Land of the Shining Mountains" and more recently "The Last Best Place".Montana is the 4th largest in area, the 8th least populous, and the 3rd least densely populated of the 50 U.S. states. The western half of Montana contains numerous mountain ranges. Smaller island ranges are found throughout the state. In total, 77 named ranges are part of the Rocky Mountains. The eastern half of Montana is characterized by western prairie terrain and badlands. Montana is bordered by Idaho to the west, Wyoming to the south, North Dakota and South Dakota to the east, and the Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, and Saskatchewan to the north. The economy is primarily based on agriculture, including ranching and cereal grain farming. Other significant economic resources include oil, gas, coal, hard rock mining, and lumber. The health care, service, and government sectors also are significant to the state's economy. The state's fastest-growing sector is tourism. Nearly 13 million tourists annually visit Glacier National Park, Yellowstone National Park, the Beartooth Highway, Flathead Lake, Big Sky Resort, and other attractions.
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Alaska | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:18:57
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Alaska Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Alaska ( ( listen); Aleut: Alax̂sxax̂; Inupiaq: Alaskaq; Russian: Аляска, translit. Alyaska) is a U.S. state in the northwest extremity of North America. The Canadian administrative divisions of British Columbia and Yukon border the state to the east, its most extreme western part is Attu Island, and it has a maritime border with Russia (Chukotka Autonomous Okrug) to the west across the Bering Strait. To the north are the Chukchi and Beaufort seas—the southern parts of the Arctic Ocean. The Pacific Ocean lies to the south and southwest. It is the largest state in the United States by area and the seventh largest subnational division in the world. In addition, it is the 3rd least populous and the most sparsely populated of the 50 United States; nevertheless, it is by far the most populous territory located mostly north of the 60th parallel in North America: its population—estimated at 738,432 by the U.S. Census Bureau in 2015— is more than quadruple the combined populations of Northern Canada and Greenland. Approximately half of Alaska's residents live within the Anchorage metropolitan area. Alaska's economy is dominated by the fishing, natural gas, and oil industries, resources which it has in abundance. Military bases and tourism are also a significant part of the economy. The United States purchased Alaska from the Russian Empire on March 30, 1867, for 7.2 million U.S. dollars at approximately two cents per acre ($4.74/km2). The area went through several administrative changes before becoming organized as a territory on May 11, 1912. It was admitted as the 49th state of the U.S. on January 3, 1959.
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Phoenix, Arizona | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:31:26
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Phoenix, Arizona Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Phoenix () is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Arizona. With 1,626,078 people (as of 2017), Phoenix is the fifth most populous city nationwide, the most populous state capital in the United States, and the only state capital with a population of more than one million residents.Phoenix is the anchor of the Phoenix metropolitan area, also known as the Valley of the Sun, which in turn is a part of the Salt River Valley. The metropolitan area is the 12th largest by population in the United States, with approximately 4.73 million people as of 2017. In addition, Phoenix is the seat of Maricopa County, and at 517.9 square miles (1,341 km2), it is the largest city in the state, more than twice the size of Tucson and one of the largest cities in the United States.Settled in 1867 as an agricultural community near the confluence of the Salt and Gila Rivers, Phoenix incorporated as a city in 1881. It became the capital of Arizona Territory in 1889. Located in the northeastern reaches of the Sonoran Desert, Phoenix has a hot desert climate. Despite this, its canal system led to a thriving farming community with many of the original crops, such as alfalfa, cotton, citrus, and hay, remaining important parts of the Phoenix economy for decades. Cotton, cattle, citrus, climate, and copper were known locally as the "Five C's" of Phoenix's economy. These industries remained the driving forces of the city until after World War II, when high-tech companies began to move into the valley and air conditioning made Phoenix's hot summers more bearable.The city averaged a four percent annual population growth rate over a 40-year period from the mid-1960s to the mid-2000s. This growth rate slowed during the Great Recession of 2007–09, and has rebounded slowly. Phoenix is the cultural center of the Valley of the Sun, as well as the entire state.
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Yellowstone National Park | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:06:27
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Yellowstone National Park 00:03:22 1 History 00:08:10 1.1 Park creation 00:18:15 1.2 Later history 00:22:50 1.3 Heritage and Research Center 00:23:37 2 Geography 00:27:20 3 Geology 00:27:29 3.1 Volcanism 00:31:20 3.2 Geysers and the hydrothermal system 00:34:15 3.3 Earthquakes 00:36:30 4 Biology and ecology 00:37:27 4.1 Flora 00:40:46 4.2 Fauna 00:50:25 5 Forest fires 00:56:53 6 Climate 00:59:38 7 Recreation 01:05:29 8 Legal jurisdiction Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Yellowstone National Park is an American national park located in Wyoming, Montana, and Idaho. It was established by the U.S. Congress and signed into law by President Ulysses S. Grant on March 1, 1872. Yellowstone was the first national park in the U.S. and is also widely held to be the first national park in the world. The park is known for its wildlife and its many geothermal features, especially Old Faithful geyser, one of its most popular features. It has many types of ecosystems, but the subalpine forest is the most abundant. It is part of the South Central Rockies forests ecoregion. Native Americans have lived in the Yellowstone region for at least 11,000 years. Aside from visits by mountain men during the early-to-mid-19th century, organized exploration did not begin until the late 1860s. Management and control of the park originally fell under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of the Interior, the first being Columbus Delano. However, the U.S. Army was subsequently commissioned to oversee management of Yellowstone for a 30-year period between 1886 and 1916. In 1917, administration of the park was transferred to the National Park Service, which had been created the previous year. Hundreds of structures have been built and are protected for their architectural and historical significance, and researchers have examined more than a thousand archaeological sites. Yellowstone National Park spans an area of 3,468.4 square miles (8,983 km2), comprising lakes, canyons, rivers and mountain ranges. Yellowstone Lake is one of the largest high-elevation lakes in North America and is centered over the Yellowstone Caldera, the largest supervolcano on the continent. The caldera is considered an active volcano. It has erupted with tremendous force several times in the last two million years. Half of the world's geysers and hydrothermal features are in Yellowstone, fueled by this ongoing volcanism. Lava flows and rocks from volcanic eruptions cover most of the land area of Yellowstone. The park is the centerpiece of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, the largest remaining nearly-intact ecosystem in the Earth's northern temperate zone. In 1978, Yellowstone was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Hundreds of species of mammals, birds, fish, and reptiles have been documented, including several that are either endangered or threatened. The vast forests and grasslands also include unique species of plants. Yellowstone Park is the largest and most famous megafauna location in the contiguous United States. Grizzly bears, wolves, and free-ranging herds of bison and elk live in this park. The Yellowstone Park bison herd is the oldest and largest public bison herd in the United States. Forest fires occur in the park each year; in the large forest fires of 1988, nearly one third of the park was burnt. Yellowstone has numerous recreational opportunities, including hiking, camping, boating, fishing and sightseeing. Paved roads provide close access to the major geothermal areas as well as some of the lakes and waterfalls. During the winter, visitors often access the park by way of guided tours that use either snow coaches or snowmobiles.
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Nevada | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:05:02
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Nevada Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Nevada () is a state in the Western United States. It borders Oregon to the northwest, Idaho to the northeast, California to the west, Arizona to the southeast and Utah to the east. Nevada is the 7th most extensive, the 34th most populous, but the 9th least densely populated of the U.S. states. Nearly three-quarters of Nevada's people live in Clark County, which contains the Las Vegas–Paradise metropolitan area where three of the state's four largest incorporated cities are located. Nevada's capital, however, is Carson City. Nevada is officially known as the "Silver State" because of the importance of silver to its history and economy. It is also known as the "Battle Born State", because it achieved statehood during the Civil War (the words "Battle Born" also appear on the state flag); as the "Sagebrush State", for the native plant of the same name; and as the "Sage-hen State".Nevada is largely desert and semi-arid, much of it within the Great Basin. Areas south of the Great Basin are within the Mojave Desert, while Lake Tahoe and the Sierra Nevada lie on the western edge. About 86% of the state's land is managed by various jurisdictions of the U.S. federal government, both civilian and military.Before European contact, Native Americans of the Paiute, Shoshone, and Washoe tribes inhabited the land that is now Nevada. The first Europeans to explore the region were Spanish. They called the region Nevada (snowy) because of the snow which covered the mountains in winter. The area formed part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, and became part of Mexico when it gained independence in 1821. The United States annexed the area in 1848 after its victory in the Mexican–American War, and it was incorporated as part of Utah Territory in 1850. The discovery of silver at the Comstock Lode in 1859 led to a population boom that became an impetus to the creation of Nevada Territory out of western Utah Territory in 1861. Nevada became the 36th state on October 31, 1864, as the second of two states added to the Union during the Civil War (the first being West Virginia).Nevada has a reputation for its libertarian laws. In 1940, with a population of just over 110,000 people, Nevada was by far the least-populated state, with less than half the population of the next least-populated state. However, legalized gambling and lenient marriage and divorce laws transformed Nevada into a major tourist destination in the 20th century. Nevada is the only U.S. state where prostitution is legal, though it is illegal in Clark County (Las Vegas), Washoe County (Reno) and Carson City (which, as an independent city, is not within the boundaries of any county). The tourism industry remains Nevada's largest employer, with mining continuing as a substantial sector of the economy: Nevada is the fourth-largest producer of gold in the world.
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Scrip
 
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Scrip is a term for any substitute for legal tender and is often a form of credit. Scrips were created as company payment of employees under the truck system and also as a means of local commerce in times when regular currency is unavailable, such as remote coal towns, military bases, ships on long voyages, or occupied countries in war time. Besides company scrip, other forms of scrip include land scrip, vouchers, token coins such as subway tokens, IOUs, arcade tokens and tickets, and points on some credit cards. Scrips have gained historical importance and become a subject of study in numismatics and exonumia due to their wide variety and recurring use. Scrip behaves similarly to a currency, and as such can be used to study monetary economics. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 161 Audiopedia
Texas | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:59:54
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Texas 00:03:57 1 Etymology 00:05:34 2 Geography 00:08:48 2.1 Geology 00:11:28 2.2 Wildlife 00:12:26 3 Climate 00:14:34 3.1 Storms 00:16:39 3.2 Greenhouse gases 00:17:25 4 History 00:17:34 4.1 Pre-European era 00:22:59 4.2 Colonization 00:29:13 4.3 Republic 00:31:53 4.4 Statehood 00:35:18 4.5 Civil War and Reconstruction (1860–1900) 00:39:15 4.6 Earlier 20th century 00:42:13 4.7 Economic and political change (1950–present) 00:43:10 5 Government and politics 00:43:35 5.1 State government 00:46:52 5.2 Politics 00:47:01 5.2.1 Political history 00:50:28 5.2.2 Texas politics today 00:52:23 5.3 Administrative divisions 00:54:16 5.4 Criminal law 00:54:57 6 Economy 00:56:41 6.1 Taxation 00:58:02 6.2 Agriculture and mining 00:59:31 6.3 Energy 01:02:24 6.4 Technology 01:03:18 6.5 Commerce 01:04:04 7 Demographics 01:06:29 7.1 Ethnicity 01:16:29 7.2 Cities and towns 01:18:31 7.3 Languages 01:20:28 7.4 Religion 01:21:48 8 Culture 01:23:08 8.1 Texas self-perception 01:23:48 8.2 Arts 01:25:57 9 Education 01:28:27 9.1 Higher education 01:32:13 10 Healthcare 01:32:22 10.1 Introduction 01:32:48 10.2 Obesity 01:34:09 10.2.1 Consequences of obesity 01:35:46 10.2.2 Obesity treatment 01:36:34 10.2.3 Obesity prevention 01:37:13 10.2.4 Obesity policy 01:38:10 10.3 Alcohol Use 01:39:03 10.3.1 Alcohol Policy 01:39:33 10.4 Maternal Health 01:40:03 10.5 Infant Health 01:40:57 10.5.1 Rates of infant mortality 01:42:06 10.5.1.1 Preterm birth 01:42:45 10.5.1.2 Low birth weight 01:43:30 10.5.1.3 Prenatal care 01:44:28 10.5.2 Vaccinations 01:45:16 10.5.2.1 Vaccination Policy 01:45:51 10.6 Medical research 01:47:24 10.7 Legislative Responses 01:49:04 11 Transportation 01:50:04 11.1 Highways 01:50:59 11.2 Airports 01:52:48 11.3 Ports 01:53:37 11.4 Railroads 01:55:59 12 Sports 01:59:33 13 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Texas (, locally ; Spanish: Texas or Tejas [ˈtexas]) is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast. Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth largest in the U.S., while San Antonio is the second-most populous in the state and seventh largest in the U.S. Dallas–Fort Worth and Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest metropolitan statistical areas in the country, respectively. Other major cities include Austin, the second-most populous state capital in the U.S., and El Paso. Texas is nicknamed "The Lone Star State" to signify its former status as an independent republic, and as a reminder of the state's struggle for independence from Mexico. The "Lone Star" can be found on the Texas state flag and on the Texan state seal. The origin of Texas's name is from the word taysha, which means "friends" in the Caddo language.Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse landscapes common to both the U.S. Southern and Southwestern regions. Although Texas is popularly associated with the U.S. southwestern deserts, less than 10% of Texas's land area is desert. Most of the population centers are in areas of former prairies, grasslands, forests, and the coastline. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, and finally the desert and mountains of the Big Bend. The term "six flags over Texas" refers to several nations that have ruled over the territory. Spain was the first European country to claim the area of Texas. France held a short-lived colony. Mexico controlled the territory until 1836 when Texas won its independence, becoming an independent Republic. In 1845, Texas joined the union as the ...
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Missouri | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:07:59
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Missouri Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Missouri is a state in the Midwestern United States. With over six million residents, it is the 18th-most populous state of the Union. The largest urban areas are St. Louis, Kansas City, Springfield, and Columbia; the capital is Jefferson City, near the center of the state on the Missouri River. The state is the 21st-most extensive in area. In the South are the Ozarks, a forested highland, providing timber, minerals, and recreation. The Mississippi River forms the eastern border of the state. Humans have inhabited the land now known as Missouri for at least 12,000 years. The Mississippian culture built cities and mounds, before declining in the 14th century. When European explorers arrived in the 17th century they encountered the Osage and Missouria nations. The French established Louisiana, a part of New France, and founded Ste. Genevieve in 1735 and St. Louis in 1764. After a brief period of Spanish rule, the United States acquired the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. Americans from the Upland South, including enslaved African Americans, rushed into the new Missouri Territory. Missouri was admitted as a slave state as part of the Missouri Compromise. Many from Virginia, Kentucky, and Tennessee settled in the Boonslick area of Mid-Missouri. Soon after, heavy German immigration formed the Missouri Rhineland. Missouri played a central role in the westward expansion of the United States, as memorialized by the Gateway Arch. The Pony Express, Oregon Trail, Santa Fe Trail, and California Trail all began in Missouri. As a border state, Missouri's role in the American Civil War was complex and there were many conflicts within. After the war, both Greater St. Louis and the Kansas City metropolitan area became centers of industrialization and business. Today, the state is divided into 114 counties and the independent city of St. Louis. Missouri's culture blends elements from the Midwestern and Southern United States. The musical styles of ragtime, Kansas City jazz, and St. Louis Blues developed in Missouri. The well-known Kansas City-style barbecue, and lesser-known St. Louis-style barbecue, can be found across the state and beyond. St. Louis is also a major center of beer brewing; Anheuser-Busch is the largest producer in the world. Missouri wine is produced in the nearby Missouri Rhineland and Ozarks. Missouri's alcohol laws are among the most permissive in the United States. Outside of the state's major cities, popular tourist destinations include the Lake of the Ozarks, Table Rock Lake, and Branson. Well-known Missourians include U.S. President Harry S. Truman, Mark Twain, Walt Disney, Chuck Berry, and Nelly. Some of the largest companies based in the state include Cerner, Express Scripts, Monsanto, Emerson Electric, Edward Jones, H&R Block, Wells Fargo Advisors, and O'Reilly Auto Parts. Missouri has been called the "Mother of the West" and the "Cave State"; however, Missouri's most famous nickname is the "Show Me State."
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Nancy Pelosi | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:02:53
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Nancy Pelosi Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Nancy Patricia D'Alesandro Pelosi (; born March 26, 1940) is an American politician serving as the Minority Leader of the United States House of Representatives since 2011, representing California's 12th congressional district. She previously served as the 52nd Speaker of the House from 2007 to 2011, the only woman to do so. Her ascent to House Speaker also made her the highest-ranking female politician in the history of the United States. A member of the Democratic Party, Pelosi represents California's 12th congressional district which consists of four-fifths of the city and county of San Francisco. The district was numbered as the 5th during Pelosi's first three terms in the House, and as the 8th from 1993 to 2013. All totaled, Pelosi has served 16 terms in the House of Representatives (15 full terms, and one term she was elected to in a mid-session special election), and will begin her 17th term in 2019. Since 2003, Pelosi has served as the leader of the Democrats in the House of Representatives - as Minority Leader from 2003–2007 (during the 108th and 109th Congresses) and from 2011–2019 (112th to 115th Congresses) during periods of Republican control, and as Speaker of the House during Democrat control from 2007–2011 (the 110th and 111th Congresses). Pelosi is the first woman, first Italian-American, and first Californian to lead a party in a chamber of congress.During and after her tenure as Speaker, Pelosi was perceived as a contentious political figure, with Republican candidates frequently trying to tie their Democratic opponents to Pelosi and with moderate Democrats seeking to show their moderate bona fides by expressing opposition to Pelosi. Pelosi is expected to run for Speaker of the House of Representatives on the opening of the 116th U.S. Congress on January 3, 2019. If elected Speaker, Pelosi would become the seventh individual to return to the Speakership on non-consecutive terms of office and the first since Sam Rayburn in 1955.
Views: 48 wikipedia tts
United States | Wikipedia audio article
 
02:04:57
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: United States 00:04:39 1 Etymology 00:08:02 2 History 00:08:11 2.1 Indigenous peoples and pre-Columbian history 00:10:36 2.2 European settlements 00:15:56 2.2.1 Effects on and interaction with native populations 00:17:45 2.3 Independence and expansion (1776–1865) 00:22:27 2.4 Civil War and Reconstruction era 00:25:50 2.5 Further immigration, expansion, and industrialization 00:28:11 2.6 World War I, Great Depression, and World War II 00:31:01 2.7 Cold War and civil rights era 00:34:34 2.8 Contemporary history 00:39:02 3 Geography, climate, and environment 00:43:37 3.1 Wildlife 00:45:29 4 Demographics 00:45:38 4.1 Population 00:51:40 4.2 Language 00:53:39 4.3 Religion 00:58:01 4.4 Family structure 00:59:41 4.5 Health 01:03:08 4.6 Education 01:05:10 5 Government and politics 01:09:03 5.1 Political divisions 01:10:53 5.2 Parties and elections 01:13:08 5.3 Foreign relations 01:15:45 5.4 Government finance 01:20:00 5.5 Military 01:22:44 6 Law enforcement and crime 01:28:25 7 Economy 01:33:58 7.1 Science and technology 01:37:06 7.2 Income, poverty and wealth 01:41:57 8 Infrastructure 01:42:06 8.1 Transportation 01:44:31 8.2 Energy 01:45:34 8.3 Water supply and sanitation 01:46:12 9 Culture 01:48:32 9.1 Food 01:50:40 9.2 Literature, philosophy, and visual art 01:54:39 9.3 Music 01:56:19 9.4 Cinema 01:59:09 9.5 Sports 02:01:28 9.6 Mass media 02:04:34 10 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles (9.8 million km2), the United States is the world's third- or fourth-largest country by total area and slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles (10.1 million km2). With a population of over 325 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century. The United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, and the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776. The war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties. The United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, and gradually admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery. By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, and its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power. The United States emer ...
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Wyoming | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wyoming 00:02:48 1 Geography 00:02:57 1.1 Climate 00:06:08 1.2 Location and size 00:08:02 1.3 Natural landforms 00:08:11 1.3.1 Mountain ranges 00:10:49 1.3.2 Islands 00:11:14 1.4 Regions and administrative divisions 00:11:24 1.4.1 Counties 00:11:56 1.4.2 Cities and towns 00:12:20 1.4.3 Metropolitan areas 00:12:57 1.4.4 Wind River Indian Reservation 00:14:23 1.4.5 Public lands 00:17:12 2 History 00:22:14 3 Demographics 00:22:24 3.1 Population 00:26:01 3.2 Birth data 00:26:31 4 Government and politics 00:26:41 4.1 State government 00:27:40 4.2 Judicial system 00:29:23 4.3 Political history 00:31:54 4.4 Voter registration 00:32:08 4.4.1 Voter registration by county 00:32:29 5 Culture 00:32:37 5.1 Languages 00:33:59 5.2 Religion 00:35:16 5.3 Sports 00:36:11 5.4 State symbols 00:37:17 6 Economy and infrastructure 00:40:18 6.1 Mineral and energy production 00:44:00 6.2 Taxes 00:47:30 6.3 Transportation 00:50:08 7 Education 00:50:52 7.1 Higher education 00:51:49 8 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8815370571960777 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-A "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Wyoming ( (listen)) is a state in the mountain region of the western United States. The state is the 10th largest by area, the least populous, and the second most sparsely populated state in the country. Wyoming is bordered on the north by Montana, on the east by South Dakota and Nebraska, on the south by Colorado, on the southwest by Utah, and on the west by Idaho and Montana. The state population was estimated at 586,107 in 2015, which is less than 31 of the most populous U.S. cities including neighboring Denver. Cheyenne is the state capital and the most populous city, with an estimated population of 63,335 in 2015.The western two-thirds of the state is covered mostly by the mountain ranges and rangelands of the Rocky Mountains, while the eastern third of the state is high elevation prairie called the High Plains. Almost half of the land in Wyoming is owned by the U.S. government, leading Wyoming to rank sixth by area and fifth by proportion of a state's land owned by the federal government. Federal lands include two national parks—Grand Teton and Yellowstone—two national recreation areas, two national monuments, several national forests, historic sites, fish hatcheries, and wildlife refuges. Original inhabitants of the region include the Crow, Arapaho, Lakota, and Shoshone. Southwestern Wyoming was in the Spanish Empire and then Mexican territory until it was ceded to the United States in 1848 at the end of the Mexican–American War. The region acquired the name Wyoming when a bill was introduced to the U.S. Congress in 1865 to provide a "temporary government for the territory of Wyoming". The name was used earlier for the Wyoming Valley in Pennsylvania, and is derived from the Munsee word xwé:wamənk, meaning "at the big river flat".The main drivers of Wyoming's economy are mineral extraction—mostly coal, oil, natural gas, and trona—and tourism. Agricultural commodities include livestock (beef), hay, sugar beets, grain (wheat and barley), and wool. The climate is semi-arid and continental, drier and windier than the rest of the U.S., with greater temperature extremes. Wyoming has been a politically conservative state since the 1950s, with the Republican Party candidate winning every presidential election except 1964.
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Michigan | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:15:11
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Michigan Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Michigan ( (listen)) is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States. The state's name, Michigan, originates from the Ojibwe word mishigamaa, meaning "large water" or "large lake". Michigan is the tenth most populous of the 50 United States, with the 11th most extensive total area, and is the largest state by total area east of the Mississippi River. Michigan has a population of about 10 million. Its capital is Lansing and its largest city is Detroit. Metro Detroit is among the nation's most populous and largest metropolitan economies. Michigan is the only state to consist of two peninsulas. The Lower Peninsula, to which the name Michigan was originally applied, is often noted as shaped like a mitten. The Upper Peninsula (often called "the U.P.") is separated from the Lower Peninsula by the Straits of Mackinac, a five-mile (8 km) channel that joins Lake Huron to Lake Michigan. The Mackinac Bridge connects the peninsulas. The state has the longest freshwater coastline of any political subdivision in the world, being bounded by four of the five Great Lakes, plus Lake Saint Clair. As a result, it is one of the leading U.S. states for recreational boating. Michigan also has 64,980 inland lakes and ponds. A person in the state is never more than six miles (9.7 km) from a natural water source or more than 85 miles (137 km) from a Great Lakes shoreline.The area was first settled by Native American tribes, whose successive cultures occupied the territory for thousands of years. Colonized by French explorers in the 17th century, it was claimed as part of New France. After France's defeat in the French and Indian War in 1762, the region came under British rule. Britain ceded this territory to the newly independent United States after Britain's defeat in the American Revolutionary War. The area was part of the larger Northwest Territory until 1800, when western Michigan became part of the Indiana Territory. Michigan Territory was formed in 1805, but some of the northern border with Canada was not agreed upon until after the War of 1812. Michigan was admitted into the Union in 1837 as the 26th state, a free one. It soon became an important center of industry and trade in the Great Lakes region and a popular immigrant destination in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Although Michigan developed a diverse economy, it is widely known as the center of the U.S. automotive industry, which developed as a major economic force in the early 20th century. It is home to the country's three major automobile companies (whose headquarters are all within the Detroit metropolitan area). While sparsely populated, the Upper Peninsula is important for tourism thanks to its abundance of natural resources, while the Lower Peninsula is a center of manufacturing, forestry, agriculture, services, and high-tech industry.
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Syria | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Syria Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Syria (Arabic: سوريا‎ Sūriyā), officially the Syrian Arab Republic (Arabic: الجمهورية العربية السورية‎ al-Jumhūrīyah al-ʻArabīyah as-Sūrīyah), is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest. Syria's capital and largest city is Damascus. A country of fertile plains, high mountains, and deserts, Syria is home to diverse ethnic and religious groups, including Syrian Arabs, Greeks, Armenians, Assyrians, Kurds, Circassians, Mandeans and Turks. Religious groups include Sunnis, Christians, Alawites, Druze, Isma'ilis, Mandeans, Shiites, Salafis, Yazidis, and Jews. Sunni make up the largest religious group in Syria. Syria is a unitary republic consisting of 14 governorates and is the only country that politically espouses Ba'athism. It is a member of one international organization other than the United Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement; it has become suspended from the Arab League on November 2011 and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, and self-suspended from the Union for the Mediterranean.In English, the name "Syria" was formerly synonymous with the Levant (known in Arabic as al-Sham), while the modern state encompasses the sites of several ancient kingdoms and empires, including the Eblan civilization of the 3rd millennium BC. Its capital Damascus and largest city Aleppo are among the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. In the Islamic era, Damascus was the seat of the Umayyad Caliphate and a provincial capital of the Mamluk Sultanate in Egypt. The modern Syrian state was established in mid-20th century after centuries of Ottoman and a brief period French mandate, and represented the largest Arab state to emerge from the formerly Ottoman-ruled Syrian provinces. It gained de-jure independence as a parliamentary republic on 24 October 1945, when Republic of Syria became a founding member of the United Nations, an act which legally ended the former French Mandate – although French troops did not leave the country until April 1946. The post-independence period was tumultuous, and a large number of military coups and coup attempts shook the country in the period 1949–71. In 1958, Syria entered a brief union with Egypt called the United Arab Republic, which was terminated by the 1961 Syrian coup d'état. The republic was renamed into the Arab Republic of Syria in late 1961 after December 1 constitutional referendum, and was increasingly unstable until the Ba'athist coup d'état, since which the Ba'ath Party has maintained its power. Syria was under Emergency Law from 1963 to 2011, effectively suspending most constitutional protections for citizens. Bashar al-Assad has been president since 2000 and was preceded by his father Hafez al-Assad, who was in office from 1971 to 2000. Since March 2011, Syria has been embroiled in an armed conflict, with a number of countries in the region and beyond involved militarily or otherwise. As a result, a number of self-proclaimed political entities have emerged on Syrian territory, including the Syrian opposition, Rojava, Tahrir al-Sham and Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. Syria is ranked last on the Global Peace Index, making it the most violent country in the world due to the war, although life continues normally for most of its citizens as of December 2017. The war caused 470,000 deaths (February 2016 SCPR estimate), 7.6 million internally displaced people (July 2015 UNHCR estimate) and over 5 million refugees (July 2017 registered by UNHCR), making population assessment difficult in recent years.
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