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The Spanish Empire, Silver, & Runaway Inflation: Crash Course World History #25
 
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In which John Green explores how Spain went from being a middling European power to one of the most powerful empires on Earth, thanks to their plunder of the New World in the 16th and 17th centuries. Learn how Spain managed to destroy the two biggest pre-Columbian civilizations, mine a mountain made of silver, mishandle their economy, and lose it all by the mid-1700s. Come along for the roller coaster ride with Charles I (he was also Charles V), Philip II, Atahualpa, Moctezuma, Hernán Cortés, and Francisco Pizarro as Spain rises and falls, and takes two empires and China down with them. Crash Course World History is now available on DVD! http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-world-history-the-complete-series-dvd-set Follow us! @thecrashcourse @realjohngreen @raoulmeyer @crashcoursestan @saysdanica @thoughtbubbler Like us! ‪http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Follow us again! ‪http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse
Views: 3047466 CrashCourse
Mining Operations in Northern Peru
 
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Providing logistics for a better Peru. Assisting select mining companies and NGOs to carefully develop the Gold Sands. Our triple bottom line approach strives to balance profitability, people and protection of the environment
Views: 431 Blair Lister
P 1 "The Land is our Mother" -  Forestry and Mapuche Land Rights in Chile (Part 1 of 5)
 
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In Southern Chile, large multinational forestry companies are exploiting land that traditionally belongs to the Mapuche people. The wood and timber products are exported overseas, including to Europe, the US, and Australia. Meanwhile, small communities suffer severe droughts caused by unsustainable monocultures of pine and eucalyptus trees and see their traditional lands devastated. Those who stand up for their rights face police violence, oppression and arbitrary prosecution.
Views: 410 Mariposa
Colombian Mining Matters - Overview | PwC Canada
 
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Colombia has recently seen exponential growth in its mining industry. Although Colombia has a long tradition of mining, that potential went largely untapped in modern times due to socio-political unrest. However, improved security conditions have increased investor confidence, creating a business-friendly environment and a resurgence of Colombia's mining industry.
Views: 693 PwCCanada
Uncharted Territory: David Thompson on the Columbia Plateau
 
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View more from our digital library: http://video.ksps.org/ Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ksps Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/KSPSPublicTV Find the latest programming updates: #WhatsOnKSPS David Thompson is revered as a national hero in Canada, but is less well known to Americans. "Uncharted Territory: David Thompson on the Columbia Plateau" focuses on the years 1807-1812, the time that Thompson spent primarily in the Canadian Rocky Mountains and northwestern United States, and the significant contributions that he made to the history of the American Northwest. KSPS exists to improve the quality of life of each person we reach. KSPS content broadens horizons; engages and connects; enlightens, inspires and educates. KSPS is an international multimedia network providing quality programming.
Views: 411410 KSPS Public TV
Frederick Valentich
 
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On this weeks installment of Expanded Perspectives the guys start the show off talking about how a mysterious half-naked ‘tribesman’ was seen running down a dirt track in Indonesia by a group of bikers. The small man was spotted near Banda Aceh, on the northern tip of the island of Sumatra. Some viewers guessed the man could be a member of the mythical Mante tribe, who are said to be forest dwellers. Then, Lon Stricker over at Phantoms & Monsters recently reported on a very unusual sighting a woman had in Cabell County in West Virginia. According to the witness, this winged creature resembled a giant 4 foot tall Wasp with glowing orange eyes! Then, one of Japan’s biggest tech companies, Rakuten, announced it was forming a joint venture with the American startup AirMap. The goal is to develop a robust traffic management system for unmanned aerial vehicles, allowing large numbers of drones to operate autonomously in the same airspace. After the break Kyle brings up one of Australia’s most famous Alien Abduction cases “The Mysterious Disappearance of Frederick Valentich”. On the evening of October 21, 1978, a 20-year-old Australian pilot flew a familiar route from Melbourne airport to King Island. From all reports, it wasn’t a difficult one. But for the young Frederick Valentich, whatever happened while flying over the Bass Strait proved fatal. He never came home, and his body was never recovered. Was it an Alien Abduction or simply pilot error? This and much, much more on this weeks episode of Expanded Perspectives! Show Notes: Is this a member of Indonesia’s lost pygmy tribe? Flying Cryptid Encounter – Cabell County, WV Japan takes a big step toward widespread drone delivery service Frederick Valentich  The Gralien Report Middle Theory Micah Hanks Bomb City Moive Sponsors: GAIA Music: All music for Expanded Perspectives is provided by Pretty Lights. Purchase, Download and Donate at www.prettylightsmusic.com. Songs Used: Pretty Lights vs. Led Zeppelin Prophet All I’ve Ever Known Aimin At Your Head
Trade in your Gold in Columbia and get cash or trade at Moseley's Diamond
 
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http://MoseleyDiamond.com/ Moseley's is the leader in Columbia if you want to sell your gold. Call the #1 jeweler in the Midlands at 803-359-7733 in Lexington, SC or 803-798-6002 in Columbia, SC today! TEXT Diamond to 366948 for a chance to win an amazing free diamond in our giveaway. http://Facebook.com/diamondscolumbia Blog- http://DiamondsColumbia.com/ http://Twitter.com/moseleydiamond
Views: 293 moseleydiamond
Native America before European Colonization
 
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Upon the arrival of Columbus in 1492 in the Carabean Islands, unknown to Columbus (and majority of the Eastern Hemisphere), he landed on Islands located in the middle of two huge continents now known has North America and South America that was teaming with huge Civilizations (that rivaled any in the world at that time) and thousands of smaller Nations and Tribes. With recent estimations, the population may have been over 100 million people that spanned from Alaska and Green Land, all the to the tip of southern South America. Pre Colombian North America (north of Mesoamerica): In Pre-Canada, most people lived along the coast, along the major rivers "I'll finishing editing this soon"
Views: 12827973 Thomas Oklahoma
Iron-process process of mining iron in south africa
 
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Mining and mineral processing::http://www.gyratorycrusher.com/quarry/quarry/iron-crusher.html Mining and minerals in South Africa:http://www.gyratorycrusher.com/quarry/quarry/iron-crusher.html First metallic iron from Palabora pilot project June:http://www.gyratorycrusher.com/quarry/quarry/iron-crusher.html Mining:http://www.gyratorycrusher.com/quarry/quarry/iron-crusher.html Iron ore:http://www.gyratorycrusher.com/quarry/quarry/iron-crusher.html Open-pit mining:http://www.gyratorycrusher.com/quarry/quarry/iron-crusher.html Open-pit mines are dug on benches, which describe vertical levels of the hole. These benches are usually on four meter to sixty meter intervals, depending on the size of the machinery that is being used. Many quarries do not use benches, as they are usually shallow. The largest underground mine:Kiirunavaara Mine in Kiruna, Sweden, 450 kilometers of roads, 40 million tonnes of ore produced yearly, depth 1,270 meters, is also one of the most modern underground mines. The deepest borehole in the world is Kola Superdeep Borehole at 12,262 meters. This, however, is not a matter of mining but rather related to scientific drilling. This move follows a switch to index-based quarterly pricing by the world's three largest iron ore miners - Vale, Rio Tinto and BHP Billiton - in early , breaking a 40-year tradition of benchmark annual pricing.[9] The oldest known mine on archaeological record is the "Lion Cave" in Swaziland, which radiocarbon dating shows to be about 43,000 years old. At this site paleolithic humans mined hematite to make the red pigment ochre.[2][3] Mines of a similar age in Hungary are believed to be sites where Neanderthals may have mined flint for weapons and tools.[citation needed] In the early colonial history of the Americas, "native gold and silver was quickly expropriated and sent back to Spain in fleets of gold- and silver-laden galleons"[19] mostly from mines in Central and South America. Turquoise dated at 700 A.D. was mined in pre-Columbian America; in the Cerillos Mining District in New Mexico, estimates are that "about 15,000 tons of rock had been removed from Mt Chalchihuitl using stone tools before ."[20][21]
Views: 377 Ishara Jessie
Red Eagle Mining (RD.V or RDEMF): Leading Near Term Producer in Colombia
 
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http://goldstocktrades.com/blog I want to highlight a new company which could be our next triple or home run. I recently visited the property located within an hour drive of Medellin, Colombia. In 3 years, Red Eagle (RD.V or RDEMF) has gone from a discovery hole all the way to Bankable Feasibility Study (BFS) which is on the verge of being published this Fall. Despite investing $55 million to date and advancing the project to the BFS stage the company currently has a market cap of around $20 million. The last financing was in March 2014 at $.33 and the one prior in October 2012 was $12 million at $.55. It is important to note that Red Eagle raised $15 million in its IPO at $1.25 back in June 2011. New investors such as ourselves get over 45,000m of drilling, two resource estimates, a Preliminary Economic Assessment (PEA) and Environmental Impact Assessment and soon to be published BFS for literally pennies on a dollar. With only 74 million shares outstanding, a current cash position of $7 million, a key 19.9% shareholder like Liberty Metals and Mining and top notch management which owns around 12% I believe Red Eagle could possibly triple from current levels as the BFS is published and receiving the final mining permits. I recently initiated a position and would try to get in below $.33 which was the last financing price. Red Eagle's 320 sq. km Santa Rosa Project should be a simple project to get into production with a lower risk profile and high IRR of around 47%. The metallurgy is simple with 93% recoveries. Cash costs should be around $620 per ounce of gold. The management team is five star led by CEO Ian Slater a managing partner at Arthur Andersen and Ernst and Young's mining division. The COO is Bob Bell who has built and developed numerous mines including most recently Dundee's Chelopech Mine. The Board of Directors is impressive with heavy hitters such as Ken Cunningham, Rob Pease and Jeff Mason. The project is located only an hour and half drive from Medellin, Colombia. The PEA showed low capital costs estimated at $84 million. At $1300 gold, the post tax NPV is $113 million with a high IRR of 37% and a payback of 1.4 years. In conclusion, I believe Red Eagle is a bargain opportunity under a $25 million market cap for the following reasons. 1)Asset is technically simple. Simple type of mining and excellent metallurgy. Company is advancing from PEA to BFS due to the simplicity of the project. Near term production in 2016. 2)Economic with low cash costs of around $620 per ounce. High pre tax IRR of 47%. 3)Low permitting, mining and financial risk. Colombia is ranked #2 jurisdiction in South America right after Chile according to the Fraser Institute. Security has improved dramatically over the past decade. 4)Long term strategic shareholder Liberty Metals which owns 19.9% minimizes financial risk. Management has skin in the game and own around 12%. It is important to remember in the previous bull market cycles in junior gold miners we saw some hefty premiums paid for companies like Ventana, Galway and Calvista. Currently the majors such as Anglogold, Tech, Iamgold, Agnico Eagle among others are interested in high quality projects. I believe Red Eagle's Santa Rosa may be one of the top ones on the list for a major or a mid tier producer looking for a high quality, simple and economic asset. Ian has been in the mining business for over 20 years, is a chartered accountant and was the Managing Partner at Ernst and Young's and Arthur Andersen's Mining Division. Disclosure: Author owns Red Eagle and the company is a website sponsor.
Views: 648 goldstocktrades
Mineral Exploration
 
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Pictures from our exploration of mineral properties. - created at http://animoto.com
Views: 70 Marcie Lewis
Ancient History Documentary
 
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Please order ebook/audiobook of this video to support our channel https://www.amazon.co.uk/Ancient-History/dp/B01N6ZBTTD/ref=sr_1_6?ie=UTF8&qid=1539623114&sr=1-6&keywords=Ancient+History+introbooks or https://www.audible.com/pd/Ancient-History-Audiobook/B01N5XNVTQ?qid=1539623154&sr=sr_1_1&ref=a_search_c3_lProduct_1_1&pf_rd_p=e81b7c27-6880-467a-b5a7-13cef5d729fe&pf_rd_r=RXWVMKRS24FW66ZR6X8V& We can explain ancient history as the collective events of past from the time when human history has been recorded stretching as far as Postclassical Era or the Middle Ages. The extent of recorded history is estimated to be around 5,000 years which began with the Sumerian Cuneiform Script which is the oldest ever writing to have been unearthed from the 30th century BC.
Views: 656 Education Channel
Mining industry | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mining 00:01:48 1 History 00:01:57 1.1 Prehistoric mining 00:03:13 1.2 Ancient Egypt 00:04:23 1.3 Ancient Greek and Roman mining 00:08:00 1.4 Medieval Europe 00:12:01 1.5 Classical Philippine civilization 00:13:12 1.6 The Americas 00:16:14 1.7 Modern period 00:17:49 2 Mine development and lifecycle 00:20:32 3 Mining techniques 00:22:00 3.1 Surface mining 00:23:03 3.2 Underground mining 00:24:32 3.3 Highwall mining 00:26:16 4 Machines 00:27:38 5 Processing 00:30:22 6 Environmental effects 00:34:25 6.1 Waste 00:36:53 6.2 Renewable energy and mining 00:37:36 7 Mining industry 00:41:45 7.1 Corporate classifications 00:42:33 7.2 Regulation and governance 00:46:31 7.3 World Bank 00:48:38 8 Safety 00:52:16 9 Records 00:54:44 10 Metal reserves and recycling Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.998962699879125 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-C "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, reef or placer deposit. These deposits form a mineralized package that is of economic interest to the miner. Ores recovered by mining include metals, coal, oil shale, gemstones, limestone, chalk, dimension stone, rock salt, potash, gravel, and clay. Mining is required to obtain any material that cannot be grown through agricultural processes, or created artificially in a laboratory or factory. Mining in a wider sense includes extraction of any non-renewable resource such as petroleum, natural gas, or even water. Mining of stones and metal has been a human activity since pre-historic times. Modern mining processes involve prospecting for ore bodies, analysis of the profit potential of a proposed mine, extraction of the desired materials, and final reclamation of the land after the mine is closed. De Re Metallica, Georgius Agricola, 1550, Book I, Para. 1Mining operations usually create a negative environmental impact, both during the mining activity and after the mine has closed. Hence, most of the world's nations have passed regulations to decrease the impact. Work safety has long been a concern as well, and modern practices have significantly improved safety in mines. Levels of metals recycling are generally low. Unless future end-of-life recycling rates are stepped up, some rare metals may become unavailable for use in a variety of consumer products. Due to the low recycling rates, some landfills now contain higher concentrations of metal than mines themselves.
Views: 35 wikipedia tts
anOther Story Of Progress
 
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Download: Part One: http://archive.org/download/AnotherStoryOfProgress_629/anOtherStoryOfProgressPartOne.avi Part Two: http://archive.org/download/AnotherStoryOfProgress_629/anOtherStoryOfProgressPartTwo.avi "This movie is not like any other movie. It's an attempt to break with the story of civilization and to tell another very different story. One about a culture incompatible with nature." - Felix Silvestris Catus anOther Story Of Progress covers various issues, such as environmental destruction, indigenous resistance and insurrection - from a primitivist perspective. It also features primitivist thinkers such as John Zerzan and Layla AbdelRahim, as well as activists Vandana Shiva and Ana Maria Lozano from Justicia y Paz - to mention just some of the people appearing in the film. Aside from footage shot with a home video-camera, material has been drawn from various documentaries to emphasise the thesis presented in the film: western civilization is a violent, destructive culture that has to be fought against. web-site: http://thomastoivonen.org facebook: https://www.facebook.com/AnOtherStoryOfProgress contact: thomas_toivonen[at]hotmail.com - Racist, hateful, or otherwise offensive comments will be removed -
Views: 24390 deadsociety0
ch 01) Columbus, The Indians, and Human Progress
 
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chapters 1-5 Columbus to independence A People's History (Of The United States) Howard Zinn. ~ Chapter 1, "Columbus, the Indians, and Human Progress" covers early Native American civilization in North America and the Bahamas, the genocide and enslavement committed by the crew of Christopher Columbus, and incidents of violent colonization by early settlers. Topics include the Arawaks, Bartolomé de las Casas, the Aztecs, Hernán Cortés, Pizarro, Powhatan, the Pequot, the Narragansett, Metacom, King Philip's War, and the Iroquois.
Views: 63246 andi burridge
Postal workers protest at Angola Staples
 
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Postal workers protest at Angola Staples
Views: 82 WANE 15 News
Found a treasure in Costa Rican waters
 
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We heard there was a treasure beneath the surface, a few miles offshore. The discovery blew our minds! Be sure to subscribe for monthly videos
Views: 557 Piero Turco
Condor Gold aims for bankable feasibility study this year
 
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Mark Child, Chairman Condor Gold (LON:CNR) tells Proactiveinvestors at the VRIC 2013 that at 4.6gms per ton is the largest resource in Nicaragua. Mark is aiming to move to a bankable feasibility study.
How to Get Antiques Appraisals from photos by Dr. Lori
 
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Ph.D. Antiques Appraiser Dr. Lori shows you how she can appraise your antiques, art, and collectibles from photographs and how she can answer your questions about how to buy and sell antiques. You get answers from Dr. Lori NOT a group of unknown, so-called "experts". Send her all the photos of your antiques and collectibles for review. Subscribe to the 'Priority Ask Dr. Lori' service now at http://www.DrLoriV.com and let Dr. Lori help you. Watch Dr. Lori on Discovery channel's Auction Kings.
Views: 7606 Dr. Lori
Mineral industry of Colombia | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mineral_industry_of_Colombia 00:02:42 1 History 00:04:20 2 Mineral resources of Colombia 00:04:30 2.1 Oil 00:05:42 2.2 Natural gas 00:07:09 2.3 Coal 00:08:54 2.4 Gold 00:09:42 2.5 Silver 00:09:50 2.6 Platina 00:09:58 2.7 Copper 00:10:06 2.8 Nickel 00:10:46 2.9 Halite 00:11:29 2.10 Gemstones 00:12:05 3 Relevance 00:13:26 4 Human rights and crime Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.7695716813227996 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-D "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Mineral industry of Colombia refers to the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials in Colombia. Colombia is well-endowed with minerals and energy resources. It has the largest coal reserves in Latin America, and is second to Brazil in hydroelectric potential. Estimates of petroleum reserves in 1995 were 3.1 billion barrels (490,000,000 m3). Colombia also possesses significant amounts of nickel and gold. Other important metals included platinum and silver, which were extracted in much smaller quantities. Colombia also produces copper, small amounts of iron ore, and bauxite. Nonmetallic mined minerals include salt, limestone, sulfur, gypsum, dolomite, barite, feldspar, clay, magnetite, mica, talcum, and marble. Colombia also produces most of the world's emeralds. Despite the variety of minerals available for exploitation, Colombia still had to import substances such as iron, copper, and aluminum to meet its industrial needs. Materials recovered by mining in the country include oil, with proved reserves of 1,506,000,000 bbl (239,400,000 m3) (2006 estimate) and natural gas, with annual production of 6.18 billion m3 (2004 estimate) and reserves of 114.4 billion m3 (1 January 2005 estimate).Minerals—in particular coal, oil, and natural gas, but also emeralds, gold, and nickel—have played an important role in Colombia's GDP and foreign trade in the last 20 years. Accounting for only 1.4 percent of GDP and 13 percent of total exports be tween 1980 and 1984, minerals represented about 5 percent of GDP and 42 percent of total exports in 2006. The minerals industry has compensated to a certain extent for the decreasing role of agriculture and has expanded the importance of commodities for the economy as a whole. Colombia is the world's leading source of emeralds, and illegal mining is commonplace. Illegal mining, especially of gold, has grown due to Colombia's aggressive counter narcotics policies, which increase the risks associated with the drug economy. However, production of precious minerals is small scale despite high international prices for minerals such as gold.
Views: 6 wikipedia tts
Colombia and Panama Free Trade Agreements in Latin America:  Realities and Opportunities
 
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"Colombia and Panama FTA's in Latin America: Realities and Opportunities" will explain the realities and benefits of the U.S. free trade agreements with Colombia and Panama. In this webinar you will understand intricacies of doing business in the market, and hear from Senior Commercial Officers at the US Embassies in these markets. You will also find out about commercial opportunities and how to finance them. For more: http://www.export.gov/webinars/eg_main_053410.asp February 23, 2012
Jimbaran Eng Man Door Dampener Cylinder Demo   Crinum Mine
 
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Proto type fitted to a man door underground at Crinum Mine showing the operation of the Man Door Dampener Cylinder acting against high ventilation pressure.
Views: 126 Phill Pike
HSN | Mine Finds By Jay King Jewelry 02.09.2019 - 08 PM
 
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Discover and shop a sterling silver jewlery collection with unique gemstones from exotic locations. Prices shown on the previously recorded video may not represent the current price. View hsn.com to view the current selling price.SHOP NOW http://www.hsn.com
Views: 69 HSNtv
French Regency Gilt Bronze Plateau, ca. 1820 | Manor House Treasures Preview
 
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Tune in 12/29 at 8/7c on PBS for an all-new Antiques Roadshow special, Manor House Treasures! In this clip, watch John Hays's appraisal of a French regency gilt bronze plateau, ca. 1820. ANTIQUES ROADSHOW airs Mondays at 8/7C PM & 9/8C PM on PBS. Watch full-length episodes of ANTIQUES ROADSHOW at http://video.pbs.org/program/antiques-roadshow/ Be sure to follow us on Twitter & Instagram @RoadshowPBS, Pinterest, and Facebook! Visit www.pbs.org/antiques for more videos and features from the show.
Views: 12468 Antiques Roadshow PBS
Chess and a friend's notebook help Syrian boy cope with loss | UNICEF
 
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"I lost my friend Omar," says Moheb, 11. "Before he died, he gave me his notebook as a gift. It's the most precious thing I own." Moheb was uprooted from his home when the conflict in Syria started. With his six family members, he found shelter in the city of Aleppo. Moheb often misses his home and his friends. A game of chess offers him some respite from the daily struggles he faces. "I like the peace and quiet I feel when I play it," Moheb explains. The Syrian conflict has now entered its sixth year. Find out more: http://childrenofsyria.info/5yearson __________________________________________________________ Subscribe to UNICEF here: http://bit.ly/1ltTE3m The official UNICEF YouTube channel is your primary destination for the latest news updates from the frontline, documentaries, celebrity appeals, and more about our work to realize the rights of every child. Click here to see all of our latest trending videos: http://smarturl.it/TrendingAtUNICEF For more about UNICEF's work, visit: http://www.unicef.org Follow UNICEF here: UNICEF Connect blog: http://blogs.unicef.org Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/unicef Twitter: https://twitter.com/unicef Instagram: http://instagram.com/UNICEF Tumblr: http://unicef.tumblr.com Pinterest: http://www.pinterest.com/unicef Medium: https://medium.com/@UNICEF
Views: 4824 UNICEF
VAUDE - Our new bike collection - Winter 2015
 
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Musik: Beautiful Colors - Michael Holborn, William Henries - ATMOS322Fluorescent Blooms Subscribe to our Channel for more Outdoor Movies: http://vd.cm/channelsubscribe
Views: 6530 VAUDE
Landscape Architecture in Latin America: Unpacking Theory, Practice, and Agency, Panel 1
 
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Women in Design (WiD) and Latin GSD, in collaboration with the Department of Landscape Architecture, present “Landscape Architecture in Latin America: Unpacking Theory, Practice, and Agency.” This symposium will provide an opportunity to debate the current and future state of landscape architecture in Latin America. Latin America is formed by a diverse set of territories, offering both challenges and opportunities to the landscape discipline. This symposium brings together professionals from several countries to discuss the complex social, political, and environmental realities engaged in their work. From the creation of ecological corridors in Bogota to urbanization in the Galapagos Islands, these designers interpret landscape through a range of lenses that include urbanism, architecture, ecology, and social engagement. Speaking to the many interdisciplinary interests at the GSD, panelists will frame conversations around theory and practice, established firms and emerging voices, and the role of equity in design. What is the intersection of research and built work? How is the discipline taught and regulated? How does landscape translate to academia and public policy? By presenting the current state of landscape architecture in Latin America this symposium will provide a space for imagining its future possibilities.
Views: 1662 Harvard GSD
#VlogLikeaBoss Launch Q&A!
 
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GET THE BOOK & BONUSES! http://vloglikeaboss.com Thank you to Enligtened Audiovisual for the help with this stream! https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCgmuYLdZaJYaJ1DmO2dm6NA Savvy Sexy Social, ep. 701
Views: 3262 Amy Landino
Offshore Arctic drilling protest
 
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A small demo organized by the Council of Canadians and the Indigenous Environmental Network on the lawn of the Sussex Labs across from Foreign Affairs at the Lester B Pearson building Wednesday was meant to challenge offshore drilling in the Arctic. The demonstration coincides with the 7th annual Arctic Council Ministerial meeting in Nuuk Greenland.
Views: 236 Ottawa Citizen
History of the United States | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: History of the United States 00:06:53 1 Pre-Columbian Era 00:08:19 1.1 Native development prior to European contact 00:15:21 1.1.1 Major cultures 00:23:57 1.2 Native development in Hawaii 00:24:46 2 Colonial period 00:25:41 2.1 Spanish, Dutch, and French colonization 00:28:45 2.2 British colonization 00:32:58 3 18th century 00:34:00 3.1 Political integration and autonomy 00:37:39 4 American Revolution 00:40:57 5 Early years of the republic 00:41:06 5.1 Confederation and Constitution 00:43:00 5.2 President George Washington 00:45:47 5.3 Slavery 00:46:56 6 19th century 00:47:05 6.1 Jeffersonian Republican Era 00:48:11 6.2 War of 1812 00:50:44 6.3 Era of Good Feelings 00:52:38 6.4 Indian removal 00:53:41 6.5 Second Party System 00:56:42 6.6 Second Great Awakening 00:57:37 6.7 Abolitionism 00:58:26 6.8 Westward expansion and Manifest Destiny 01:02:30 6.9 Divisions between North and South 01:08:05 6.10 Civil War 01:15:12 6.11 Emancipation 01:16:28 6.12 Reconstruction Era 01:19:43 6.13 The West and the Gilded Age 01:25:14 7 20th century 01:25:23 7.1 Progressive Era 01:27:16 7.2 Imperialism 01:29:07 7.3 World War I 01:30:30 7.4 Women's suffrage 01:33:47 7.5 Roaring Twenties 01:35:24 7.6 Great Depression and New Deal 01:38:23 7.7 World War II 01:45:30 7.8 The Cold War, counterculture, and civil rights 01:49:31 7.8.1 Climax of liberalism 01:51:29 7.8.2 Civil Rights Movement 01:53:53 7.8.3 The Women's Movement 01:56:15 7.8.4 The Counterculture Revolution and Cold War Détente 01:59:25 7.9 Close of the 20th century 02:04:52 8 21st century 02:05:01 8.1 9/11 and the War on Terror 02:10:37 8.2 The Great Recession 02:12:35 8.3 Recent events Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The history of the United States began with the settlement of Indigenous people before 15,000 BC. Numerous cultures formed. The arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1492 started the European colonization of the Americas. Most colonies formed after 1600. By the 1770s, thirteen British colonies contained 2.5 million people along the Atlantic coast east of the Appalachian Mountains. After defeating France, the British government imposed a series of new taxes after 1765, rejecting the colonists' argument that new taxes needed their approval (see Stamp Act 1765). Tax resistance, especially the Boston Tea Party (1773), led to punitive laws by Parliament designed to end self-government in Massachusetts. Armed conflict began in 1775. In 1776, the Second Continental Congress declared the independence of the colonies as the United States of America. Led by General George Washington, it won the Revolutionary War with large support from France. The peace treaty of 1783 gave the new nation the land east of the Mississippi River (except Canada and Florida). The Articles of Confederation established a central government, but it was ineffectual at providing stability, as it could not collect taxes and had no executive officer. A convention in 1787 wrote a new Constitution that was adopted in 1789. In 1791, a Bill of Rights was added to guarantee inalienable rights. With Washington as the first president and Alexander Hamilton his chief adviser, a strong central government was created. Purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France in 1803 doubled the size of the United States. A second and final war with Britain was fought in 1812, which solidified national pride. Encouraged by the notion of manifest destiny, U.S. territory expanded all the way to the Pacific coast. While the United States was large in terms of area, its population in 1790 was only 4 million. However, it grew rapidly, reaching 7.2 million in 1810, 32 million in 1860, 76 million in 1900, 132 million in 1940, and 321 million in 2015. Economic growth in terms of overall GDP was even greater. However compared to European powers, the nation's military strength was relatively limited in peacetime before 1940. The expansion was driven by a quest for inexpensive land for yeoman farmers and slave owners. The ...
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Argentina | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Argentina 00:03:38 1 Name and etymology 00:06:47 2 History 00:06:56 2.1 Pre-Columbian era 00:08:12 2.2 Colonial era 00:10:03 2.3 Independence and civil wars 00:12:42 2.4 Rise of the modern nation 00:16:42 2.5 Infamous Decade 00:17:49 2.6 Peronist years 00:19:54 2.7 Military dictatorship, the Dirty War and defeat in the Falklands War 00:25:56 2.8 20th—21st centuries, Kirchner era 00:29:34 3 Geography 00:31:52 3.1 Biodiversity 00:33:49 3.2 Climate 00:35:48 4 Politics 00:35:57 4.1 Government 00:38:15 4.2 Provinces 00:40:29 4.3 Foreign relations 00:42:37 4.4 Armed forces 00:45:34 5 Economy 00:47:28 5.1 Industry 00:49:57 5.2 Transport 00:53:25 5.3 Media and communications 00:55:12 5.4 Science and technology 00:59:33 5.5 Tourism 01:00:21 6 Demographics 01:02:15 6.1 Ethnography 01:05:14 6.2 Genetics studies 01:06:19 6.3 Languages 01:08:41 6.4 Religion 01:10:34 6.5 Urbanization 01:12:02 6.6 Education 01:13:29 6.7 Health care 01:15:20 7 Culture 01:16:59 7.1 Literature 01:18:55 7.2 Music 01:21:30 7.3 Theatre 01:23:57 7.4 Cinema 01:27:03 7.5 Visual arts 01:28:42 7.6 Architecture 01:30:04 7.7 Sport 01:33:51 7.8 Cuisine 01:34:57 7.9 National symbols 01:36:27 8 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Argentina (Spanish: [aɾxenˈtina]), officially named the Argentine Republic (Spanish: República Argentina), is a country located mostly in the southern half of South America. Sharing the bulk of the Southern Cone with Chile to the west, the country is also bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast, Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Drake Passage to the south. With a mainland area of 2,780,400 km2 (1,073,500 sq mi), Argentina is the eighth-largest country in the world, the fourth largest in the Americas, and the largest Spanish-speaking nation. The sovereign state is subdivided into twenty-three provinces (Spanish: provincias, singular provincia) and one autonomous city (ciudad autónoma), Buenos Aires, which is the federal capital of the nation (Spanish: Capital Federal) as decided by Congress. The provinces and the capital have their own constitutions, but exist under a federal system. Argentina claims sovereignty over part of Antarctica, the Falkland Islands (Spanish: Islas Malvinas), and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. The earliest recorded human presence in modern-day Argentina dates back to the Paleolithic period. The country has its roots in Spanish colonization of the region during the 16th century. Argentina rose as the successor state of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, a Spanish overseas viceroyalty founded in 1776. The declaration and fight for independence (1810–1818) was followed by an extended civil war that lasted until 1861, culminating in the country's reorganization as a federation of provinces with Buenos Aires as its capital city. The country thereafter enjoyed relative peace and stability, with several waves of European immigration radically reshaping its cultural and demographic outlook. The almost-unparalleled increase in prosperity led to Argentina becoming the seventh wealthiest nation in the world by the early 20th century.Following the Great Depression in the 1930s, Argentina descended into political instability and economic decline that pushed it back into underdevelopment, though it remained among the fifteen richest countries for several decades. Following the death of President Juan Perón in 1974, his wife Isabel Martínez de Perón ascended to the presidency. She was overthrown in 1976 by a U.S.-backed coup which installed a right-wing military dictatorship. The military government persecuted and murdered numerous political critics, activists, and leftists in the Dirty War, a period of state terrorism that lasted until the election of Raúl Alfonsín as President in 1983. Several of the junta's leaders were later convicted of their crimes and sentenced to imprisonment. Argentina retains its historic status ...
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Utah | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Utah 00:01:58 1 Etymology 00:02:54 2 History 00:03:03 2.1 Pre-Columbian 00:03:53 2.2 Spanish exploration (1540) 00:05:40 2.3 Latter Day Saint settlement (1847) 00:09:06 2.4 Utah Territory (1850–1896) 00:15:33 2.5 20th century 00:18:18 3 Geography 00:24:10 3.1 Climate 00:30:28 3.2 Wildlife 00:30:44 3.2.1 Mammals 00:31:22 3.2.2 Birds 00:31:30 3.2.3 Insects 00:32:16 3.3 Vegetation 00:32:28 4 Demographics 00:33:38 4.1 Health and fertility 00:34:41 4.2 Ancestry and race 00:36:38 4.3 Religion 00:39:37 4.4 Languages 00:40:26 4.5 Age and gender 00:40:49 5 Economy 00:43:14 5.1 Taxation 00:43:49 5.2 Tourism 00:46:31 5.2.1 Branding 00:47:27 5.3 Mining 00:48:53 5.3.1 Incidents 00:49:22 5.4 Energy 00:49:32 5.4.1 Potential to use renewable energy sources 00:50:07 6 Transportation 00:53:30 7 Law and government 00:54:34 7.1 Counties 00:55:18 7.2 Women's rights 00:56:02 7.3 Free-range parenting 00:56:28 7.4 Constitution 00:56:55 7.5 Alcohol, tobacco and gambling laws 00:58:06 7.6 Same-sex marriage 00:59:06 7.7 Politics 01:05:32 8 Major cities and towns 01:07:40 9 Colleges and universities 01:07:50 10 Culture 01:07:59 10.1 Sports 01:12:10 10.2 Entertainment 01:12:30 10.2.1 Books 01:14:43 10.2.2 Film 01:15:20 10.2.3 Video Games 01:15:54 11 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Utah ( YOO-taw, -tah listen) is a state in the western United States. It became the 45th state admitted to the U.S. on January 4, 1896. Utah is the 13th-largest by area, 31st-most-populous, and 10th-least-densely populated of the 50 United States. Utah has a population of more than 3 million according to the Census estimate for July 1, 2016. Urban development is mostly concentrated in two areas: the Wasatch Front in the north-central part of the state, which contains approximately 2.5 million people; and Washington County in Southern Utah, with over 160,000 residents. Utah is bordered by Colorado to the east, Wyoming to the northeast, Idaho to the north, Arizona to the south, and Nevada to the west. It also touches a corner of New Mexico in the southeast. Approximately 62% of Utahns are reported to be members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), making Utah the only state with a majority population belonging to a single church. This greatly influences Utahn culture and daily life. The LDS Church's world headquarters is located in Salt Lake City.The state is a center of transportation, education, information technology and research, government services, mining, and a major tourist destination for outdoor recreation. In 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau estimated that Utah had the second fastest-growing population of any state. St. George was the fastest-growing metropolitan area in the United States from 2000 to 2005. Utah also has the 14th highest median average income and the least income inequality of any U.S. state. A 2012 Gallup national survey found Utah overall to be the "best state to live in" based on 13 forward-looking measurements including various economic, lifestyle, and health-related outlook metrics.
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United States | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: United States 00:04:39 1 Etymology 00:08:02 2 History 00:08:11 2.1 Indigenous peoples and pre-Columbian history 00:10:36 2.2 European settlements 00:15:56 2.2.1 Effects on and interaction with native populations 00:17:45 2.3 Independence and expansion (1776–1865) 00:22:27 2.4 Civil War and Reconstruction era 00:25:50 2.5 Further immigration, expansion, and industrialization 00:28:11 2.6 World War I, Great Depression, and World War II 00:31:01 2.7 Cold War and civil rights era 00:34:34 2.8 Contemporary history 00:39:02 3 Geography, climate, and environment 00:43:37 3.1 Wildlife 00:45:29 4 Demographics 00:45:38 4.1 Population 00:51:40 4.2 Language 00:53:39 4.3 Religion 00:58:01 4.4 Family structure 00:59:41 4.5 Health 01:03:08 4.6 Education 01:05:10 5 Government and politics 01:09:03 5.1 Political divisions 01:10:53 5.2 Parties and elections 01:13:08 5.3 Foreign relations 01:15:45 5.4 Government finance 01:20:00 5.5 Military 01:22:44 6 Law enforcement and crime 01:28:25 7 Economy 01:33:58 7.1 Science and technology 01:37:06 7.2 Income, poverty and wealth 01:41:57 8 Infrastructure 01:42:06 8.1 Transportation 01:44:31 8.2 Energy 01:45:34 8.3 Water supply and sanitation 01:46:12 9 Culture 01:48:32 9.1 Food 01:50:40 9.2 Literature, philosophy, and visual art 01:54:39 9.3 Music 01:56:19 9.4 Cinema 01:59:09 9.5 Sports 02:01:28 9.6 Mass media 02:04:34 10 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles (9.8 million km2), the United States is the world's third- or fourth-largest country by total area and slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles (10.1 million km2). With a population of over 325 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century. The United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, and the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776. The war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties. The United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, and gradually admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery. By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, and its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power. The United States emer ...
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Platinum group
 
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The platinum-group metals) are six metallic elements clustered together in the periodic table. These elements are all transition metals, lying in the d-block. The six platinum-group metals are ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, osmium, iridium, and platinum. They have similar physical and chemical properties, and tend to occur together in the same mineral deposits. However they can be further subdivided into the iridium-group platinum-group elements and the palladium-group platinum-group elements based on their behaviour in geological systems. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 489 Audiopedia
Mining
 
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Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, or reef, which forms the mineralized package of economic interest to the miner. This video targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Public domain image source in video
Views: 257 encyclopediacc
Platinum | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Platinum 00:02:01 1 Characteristics 00:02:10 1.1 Physical 00:03:21 1.2 Chemical 00:04:34 1.3 Isotopes 00:06:34 1.4 Occurrence 00:09:34 2 Compounds 00:09:43 2.1 Halides 00:11:15 2.2 Oxides 00:11:53 2.3 Other compounds 00:13:44 3 History 00:13:53 3.1 Early uses 00:15:01 3.2 European discovery 00:17:30 3.3 Means of malleability 00:20:01 4 Production 00:22:03 5 Applications 00:22:52 5.1 Catalyst 00:23:58 5.2 Standard 00:24:37 5.3 As an investment 00:26:35 5.4 Other uses 00:27:24 5.5 Symbol of prestige in marketing 00:28:34 6 Health problems 00:29:46 7 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Platinum is a chemical element with symbol Pt and atomic number 78. It is a dense, malleable, ductile, highly unreactive, precious, silverish-white transition metal. Its name is derived from the Spanish term platino, meaning "little silver".Platinum is a member of the platinum group of elements and group 10 of the periodic table of elements. It has six naturally occurring isotopes. It is one of the rarer elements in Earth's crust, with an average abundance of approximately 5 μg/kg. It occurs in some nickel and copper ores along with some native deposits, mostly in South Africa, which accounts for 80% of the world production. Because of its scarcity in Earth's crust, only a few hundred tonnes are produced annually, and given its important uses, it is highly valuable and is a major precious metal commodity.Platinum is one of the least reactive metals. It has remarkable resistance to corrosion, even at high temperatures, and is therefore considered a noble metal. Consequently, platinum is often found chemically uncombined as native platinum. Because it occurs naturally in the alluvial sands of various rivers, it was first used by pre-Columbian South American natives to produce artifacts. It was referenced in European writings as early as 16th century, but it was not until Antonio de Ulloa published a report on a new metal of Colombian origin in 1748 that it began to be investigated by scientists. Platinum is used in catalytic converters, laboratory equipment, electrical contacts and electrodes, platinum resistance thermometers, dentistry equipment, and jewelry. Being a heavy metal, it leads to health problems upon exposure to its salts; but due to its corrosion resistance, metallic platinum has not been linked to adverse health effects. Compounds containing platinum, such as cisplatin, oxaliplatin and carboplatin, are applied in chemotherapy against certain types of cancer.As of 2018, the value of platinum is $833.00 per ounce.
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Age of Discovery | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Age of Discovery Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= The Age of Discovery, or the Age of Exploration (approximately from the beginning of the 15th century until the end of the 18th century) is an informal and loosely defined term for the period in European history in which extensive overseas exploration emerged as a powerful factor in European culture and was the beginning of globalization. It also marks the rise of the period of widespread adoption in Europe of colonialism and mercantilism as national policies. Many lands previously unknown to Europeans were discovered by them during this period, though most were already inhabited. From the perspective of many non-Europeans, the Age of Discovery marked the arrival of invaders from previously unknown continents. Global exploration started with the Portuguese discoveries of the Atlantic archipelagos of Madeira and the Azores, the coast of Africa, and the discovery of the sea route to India in 1498; and the Crown of Castile (Spain) the trans-Atlantic Voyages of Christopher Columbus to the Americas between 1492 and 1502 and the first circumnavigation of the globe in 1519–1522. These discoveries led to numerous naval expeditions across the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific oceans, and land expeditions in the Americas, Asia, Africa and Australia that continued into the late 19th century, and ended with the exploration of the polar regions in the 20th century. European overseas exploration led to the rise of global trade and the European colonial empires, with the contact between the Old World (Europe, Asia and Africa) and the New World (the Americas and Australia) producing the Columbian Exchange; a wide transfer of plants, animals, food, human populations (including slaves), communicable diseases and culture between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. This represented one of the most-significant global events concerning ecology, agriculture and culture in history. The Age of Discovery and later European exploration allowed the global mapping of the world, resulting in a new world-view and distant civilizations coming into contact, but also led to the propagation of diseases that decimated populations not previously in contact with Eurasia and Africa and to the enslavement, exploitation, military conquest and economic dominance by Europe and its colonies over native populations. It also allowed for the expansion of Christianity throughout the world: with the spread of missionary activity, it eventually became the world's largest religion.
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Veracruz | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Veracruz 00:01:12 1 Etymology 00:01:57 2 Geography 00:02:06 2.1 Political geography 00:03:12 2.2 Natural geography 00:06:56 2.3 Climate 00:09:01 2.4 Ecosystems 00:14:24 3 History 00:14:33 3.1 Pre-Columbian 00:17:59 3.2 Colonial period, 1519–1821 00:24:51 3.3 Independence 00:29:28 3.4 20th century to the present 00:31:54 4 Economy 00:33:47 4.1 Agriculture 00:38:03 4.2 Natural resources 00:39:46 4.3 Golden Lane Oil Fields 00:42:04 4.4 Industry, transportation and commerce 00:45:02 4.5 Handcrafts 00:47:28 5 Culture 00:47:37 5.1 Gastronomy 00:51:06 5.2 Museums 00:54:16 5.3 Fairs and festivals 00:56:21 5.4 Dance and music 01:00:36 5.5 Art and architecture 01:04:44 5.6 Literature 01:07:03 5.7 Religion 01:07:16 6 Education 01:09:57 7 Demographics 01:13:41 8 Tourism 01:15:26 9 Archeological sites 01:18:47 10 Government 01:20:10 11 Infrastructure 01:23:48 12 Major communities 01:23:57 13 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Veracruz (American Spanish: [beɾaˈkɾus] (listen)), formally Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave (American Spanish: [beɾaˈkɾuz ðe iɣˈnasjo ðe la ˈʝaβe]), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave (Spanish: Estado Libre y Soberano de Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave), is one of the 31 states that, along with the Federal District, comprise the 32 federative entities of Mexico. It is divided in 212 municipalities and its capital city is Xalapa-Enríquez. Veracruz is bordered by the states of Tamaulipas to the north, San Luis Potosí and Hidalgo to the west, Puebla to the southwest, Oaxaca and Chiapas to the south, and Tabasco to the southeast. On its east, Veracruz has a significant share of the coastline of the Gulf of Mexico. The state is noted for its mixed ethnic and indigenous populations. Its cuisine reflects the many cultural influences that have come through the state because of the importance of the port of Veracruz. In addition to the capital city, the state's largest cities include Veracruz, Coatzacoalcos, Córdoba, Minatitlán, Poza Rica, Boca Del Río and Orizaba.
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Slave trade | Wikipedia audio article
 
02:22:04
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Slave trade Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The history of slavery spans many cultures, nationalities, and religions from ancient times to the present day. However the social, economic, and legal positions of slaves were vastly different in different systems of slavery in different times and places.Slavery appears in the Mesopotamian Code of Hammurabi (c. 1860 BC), which refers to it as an established institution.Slavery is rare among hunter-gatherer populations, because it is developed as a system of social stratification. Slavery was known in the very first civilizations such as Sumer in Mesopotamia which dates back as far as 3500 BC. The Byzantine–Ottoman wars and the Ottoman wars in Europe resulted in the taking of large numbers of Christian slaves. Slavery became common within much of Europe during the Dark Ages and it continued into the Middle Ages. The Dutch, French, Spanish, Portuguese, British, Arabs and a number of West African kingdoms played a prominent role in the Atlantic slave trade, especially after 1600. David P. Forsythe wrote: "The fact remained that at the beginning of the nineteenth century an estimated three-quarters of all people alive were trapped in bondage against their will either in some form of slavery or serfdom." The Republic of Dubrovnik was the first European country to ban the slave trade in 1416, and in modern times Denmark-Norway in 1802. Although slavery is no longer legal anywhere in the world (with the exception of penal labour), human trafficking remains an international problem and an estimated 25-40 million people are enslaved today, the majority in Asia. During the 1983–2005 Second Sudanese Civil War people were taken into slavery. Evidence emerged in the late 1990s of systematic child slavery and trafficking on cacao plantations in West Africa; see the chocolate and slavery article. Slavery continues into the 21st-century. Although slavery in Mauritania was criminalized in August 2007, in Mauritania it is estimated that up to 600,000 men, women and children, or 20% of the population, are currently enslaved, many of them used as bonded labor. Slavery in 21st-century Islamism continues, and women and children have been abducted and enslaved (often as sex slaves) by Islamist quasi-states such as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant and Boko Haram.
Views: 103 wikipedia tts
Economic history of the United States | Wikipedia audio article | Wikipedia audio article
 
03:12:33
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Economic history of the United States | Wikipedia audio article Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The economic history of the United States is about characteristics of and important developments in the U.S. economy from colonial times to the present. The emphasis is on economic performance and how it was affected by new technologies, especially those that improved productivity, which is the main cause of economic growth. Also covered are the change of size in economic sectors and the effects of legislation and government policy. Specialized business history is covered in American business history.
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North America | Wikipedia audio article
 
48:25
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: North America Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas. It is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the west and south by the Pacific Ocean, and to the southeast by South America and the Caribbean Sea. North America covers an area of about 24,709,000 square kilometers (9,540,000 square miles), about 16.5% of the earth's land area and about 4.8% of its total surface. North America is the third largest continent by area, following Asia and Africa, and the fourth by population after Asia, Africa, and Europe. In 2013, its population was estimated at nearly 579 million people in 23 independent states, or about 7.5% of the world's population, if nearby islands (most notably the Caribbean) are included. North America was reached by its first human populations during the last glacial period, via crossing the Bering land bridge approximately 40,000 to 17,000 years ago. The so-called Paleo-Indian period is taken to have lasted until about 10,000 years ago (the beginning of the Archaic or Meso-Indian period). The Classic stage spans roughly the 6th to 13th centuries. The Pre-Columbian era ended in 1492, and the transatlantic migrations—the arrival of European settlers during the Age of Discovery and the Early Modern period. Present-day cultural and ethnic patterns reflect different kinds of interactions between European colonists, indigenous peoples, African slaves and their descendants. European influences are strongest in the northern parts of the continent while indigenous and African influences are relatively stronger in the south. Because of the history of colonialism, most North Americans speak English, Spanish or French and societies and states commonly reflect Western traditions.
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History of architecture | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:00:25
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: History of architecture 00:00:16 1 Neolithic architecture 00:02:21 2 Antiquity 00:02:29 2.1 Ancient Mesopotamia 00:03:26 2.2 Ancient Egyptian architecture 00:04:32 2.3 Greek architecture 00:06:05 2.4 Roman architecture 00:09:15 2.5 Byzantine architecture 00:10:34 2.6 Persian architecture 00:14:53 3 Islamic architecture 00:16:13 4 Africa 00:21:10 5 Southern Asia 00:21:19 5.1 Indian architecture 00:24:11 5.2 Buddhist architecture 00:24:20 6 Southeast Asia 00:24:29 6.1 Cambodian (Khmer) Architecture 00:25:25 6.1.1 Architectural styles 00:25:39 6.2 Indonesian architecture 00:27:02 7 Oceanic architecture 00:27:12 8 Eastern Asia 00:27:21 8.1 Chinese architecture 00:31:01 8.2 Korean architecture 00:33:13 8.3 Japanese architecture 00:34:28 9 Pre-Columbian 00:34:37 9.1 Mesoamerican architecture 00:35:32 9.2 Incan architecture 00:36:25 9.3 Ancient architecture of North America 00:37:27 10 Europe to 1400 00:37:37 10.1 Medieval architecture 00:38:13 10.1.1 Pre-Romanesque 00:38:56 10.1.2 Romanesque 00:39:34 10.1.3 Gothic 00:40:32 10.2 Renaissance architecture 00:43:35 11 European and colonial architecture 00:44:01 11.1 Baroque architecture 00:44:36 11.2 Return to Classicism 00:46:01 11.3 Revivalism and Orientalism 00:46:23 11.4 Beaux-Arts architecture 00:47:20 11.5 Art Nouveau 00:47:54 11.6 Early Modern architecture 00:48:50 11.7 Expressionist architecture 00:50:15 11.8 Art Deco 00:51:58 11.9 International Style 00:53:46 11.10 Contemporary architecture 00:53:55 11.11 Modern architecture 00:54:48 11.12 Critical regionalism 00:55:58 11.13 Postmodern architecture 00:57:40 11.14 Deconstructivist architecture 00:59:17 12 Architecture in the 21st century 01:00:06 13 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The history of architecture traces the changes in architecture through various traditions, regions, overarching stylistic trends, and dates. The branches of architecture are civil, sacred, naval, military, and landscape architecture.
Views: 16 wikipedia tts
Inca Empire | Wikipedia audio article
 
54:03
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Inca Empire Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Inca Empire (Quechua: Tawantinsuyu, lit. "The Four Regions"), also known as the Incan Empire and the Inka Empire, was the largest empire in pre-Columbian America. Its political and administrative structure "was the most sophisticated found among native peoples" in the Americas. The administrative, political and military center of the empire was located in Cusco in modern-day Peru. The Inca civilization arose from the highlands of Peru sometime in the early 13th century. Its last stronghold was conquered by the Spanish in 1572. From 1438 to 1533, the Incas incorporated a large portion of western South America, centered on the Andean Mountains, using conquest and peaceful assimilation, among other methods. At its largest, the empire joined Peru, large parts of modern Ecuador, western and south central Bolivia, northwest Argentina, north and central Chile and a small part of southwest Colombia into a state comparable to the historical empires of Eurasia. Its official language was Quechua. Many local forms of worship persisted in the empire, most of them concerning local sacred Huacas, but the Inca leadership encouraged the sun worship of Inti – their sun god – and imposed its sovereignty above other cults such as that of Pachamama. The Incas considered their king, the Sapa Inca, to be the "son of the sun."The Inca Empire was unique in that it lacked many features associated with civilization in the Old World. In the words of one scholar, "The Incas lacked the use of wheeled vehicles. They lacked animals to ride and draft animals that could pull wagons and plows... [They] lacked the knowledge of iron and steel... Above all, they lacked a system of writing... Despite these supposed handicaps, the Incas were still able to construct one of the greatest imperial states in human history". Notable features of the Inca Empire include its monumental architecture, especially stonework, extensive road network reaching all corners of the empire, finely-woven textiles, use of knotted strings (quipu) for record keeping and communication, agricultural innovations in a difficult environment, and the organization and management fostered or imposed on its people and their labor. The Incan economy has been described in contradictory ways by scholars: as "feudal, slave, socialist (here one may choose between socialist paradise or socialist tyranny)". The Inca empire functioned largely without money and without markets. Instead, exchange of goods and services was based on reciprocity between individuals and among individuals, groups, and Inca rulers. "Taxes" consisted of a labour obligation of a person to the Empire. The Inca rulers (who theoretically owned all the means of production) reciprocated by granting access to land and goods and providing food and drink in celebratory feasts for their subjects.
Views: 10 wikipedia tts
Illinois | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:28:21
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Illinois 00:03:22 1 Etymology 00:04:52 2 History 00:05:01 2.1 Pre-European 00:07:50 2.2 European exploration and settlement prior to 1800 00:09:26 2.3 19th century 00:09:35 2.3.1 Prior to statehood 00:11:18 2.3.2 The State of Illinois prior to the Civil War 00:15:55 2.3.3 Civil War and after 00:17:14 2.4 20th century 00:20:06 3 Geography 00:20:27 3.1 Boundaries 00:21:27 3.2 Topography 00:22:17 3.3 Divisions 00:25:43 3.4 Climate 00:28:33 4 Demographics 00:32:47 4.1 Birth data 00:33:14 4.2 Urban areas 00:35:30 4.3 Languages 00:36:26 4.4 Religion 00:36:34 4.4.1 Christianity 00:37:27 4.4.1.1 Importance in the Latter Day Saint Movement 00:38:04 4.4.2 Other Abrahamic religious communities 00:39:09 4.4.3 Other religions 00:39:24 5 Economy 00:40:00 5.1 Taxes 00:41:09 5.2 Agriculture 00:42:49 5.3 Manufacturing 00:44:01 5.4 Services 00:44:43 5.5 Investments 00:45:20 5.6 Energy 00:45:44 5.6.1 Coal 00:47:39 5.6.2 Petroleum 00:48:25 5.6.3 Nuclear power 00:49:32 5.6.4 Wind power 00:51:04 5.6.5 Biofuels 00:51:55 6 Culture 00:52:03 6.1 Museums 00:53:47 6.2 Music 00:55:35 6.3 Movies 00:56:15 6.4 Sports 00:56:24 6.4.1 Major league sports 00:58:10 6.4.2 Other top-level professional sports 00:58:42 6.4.3 Minor league sports 01:00:05 6.4.4 College sports 01:02:37 6.4.5 Former Chicago sports franchises 01:02:47 6.4.5.1 Folded teams 01:05:16 6.4.5.2 Relocated teams 01:05:54 6.4.6 Professional sports teams outside Chicago 01:06:36 6.4.7 Motor racing 01:07:26 6.4.8 Golf 01:08:27 7 Parks and recreation 01:09:19 8 Law and government 01:11:15 9 Politics 01:11:24 9.1 Party balance 01:14:05 9.2 History of corruption 01:15:36 9.3 U.S. Presidential Elections 01:17:14 9.4 African-American U.S. senators 01:17:46 9.5 Political families 01:18:03 9.5.1 Stevensons 01:19:03 9.5.2 Daleys 01:19:42 10 Education 01:19:51 10.1 Illinois State Board of education 01:20:29 10.2 Primary and secondary schools 01:21:18 10.3 Colleges and universities 01:22:52 11 Infrastructure 01:23:01 11.1 Transportation 01:23:20 11.1.1 Airports 01:24:41 11.1.2 Rail 01:26:02 11.1.3 Interstate highway system 01:26:51 11.1.4 U.S. highway system 01:27:24 11.2 Gallery 01:27:32 12 Miscellaneous 01:28:04 13 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Illinois ( (listen) IL-ih-NOY) is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States. It is the 6th-most populous U.S. state and 25th-largest state in terms of land area, and is often noted as a microcosm of the entire United States. With Chicago in the northeast, small industrial cities and great agricultural productivity in northern and central Illinois, and natural resources such as coal, timber, and petroleum in the south, Illinois has a diverse economic base, and is a major transportation hub. The Port of Chicago connects the state to other global ports around the world from the Great Lakes, via the Saint Lawrence Seaway, to the Atlantic Ocean; as well as the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River, via the Illinois Waterway on the Illinois River. The Mississippi River, the Ohio River, and the Wabash River form parts of the boundaries of Illinois. For decades, Chicago's O'Hare International Airport has been ranked as one of the world's busiest airports. Illinois has long had a reputation as a bellwether both in social and cultural terms and politics. The capital of Illinois is Springfield in central Illinois. Although today, the state's largest population center is in and around Chicago in the northeastern part of the state, the state's European population grew first in the west, with French who settled along the Mississippi River, and gave the area the name Illinois Country. After the American Revolutionary War established the United States, American settlers began arriving from Kentucky in the 1780s via the Ohio River, and the population grew from south to north. In 1818, Illinois achieved statehood. After construction of the Erie Canal increased traffic and trade through the Great Lakes, Chicago was founded in the 1830s on th ...
Views: 26 wikipedia tts
United States of America | Wikipedia audio article
 
02:04:47
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: United States of America Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles (9.8 million km2), the United States is the world's third- or fourth-largest country by total area and slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles (10.1 million km2). With a population of over 325 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century. The United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, and the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776. The war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties. The United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, and gradually admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery. By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, and its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power. The United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, and a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 moon landing. The end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower.The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation. It is a federal republic and a representative democracy, "in which majority rule is tempered by minority rights protected by law". The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States (OAS), and other international organizations. The United States is a highly developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for approximately a quarter of global GDP. The U.S. economy is largely post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, t ...
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Bronze Age | Wikipedia audio article
 
57:38
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Bronze Age Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, and in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization. The Bronze Age is the second principal period of the three-age Stone-Bronze-Iron system, as proposed in modern times by Christian Jürgensen Thomsen, for classifying and studying ancient societies. An ancient civilization is defined to be in the Bronze Age either by producing bronze by smelting its own copper and alloying with tin, arsenic, or other metals, or by trading for bronze from production areas elsewhere. Bronze itself is harder and more durable than other metals available at the time, allowing Bronze Age civilizations to gain a technological advantage. Copper-tin ores are rare, as reflected in the fact that there were no tin bronzes in Western Asia before trading in bronze began in the 3rd millennium BC. Worldwide, the Bronze Age generally followed the Neolithic period, with the Chalcolithic serving as a transition. Although the Iron Age generally followed the Bronze Age, in some areas (such as Sub-Saharan Africa), the Iron Age intruded directly on the Neolithic.Bronze Age cultures differed in their development of the first writing. According to archaeological evidence, cultures in Mesopotamia (cuneiform script) and Egypt (hieroglyphs) developed the earliest viable writing systems.
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History of slavery
 
01:33:42
The history of slavery traces the history of slavery and the slave trade from ancient times to the present. Slavery is a legally recognized system in which people are legally considered the property or chattel of another. A slave had few rights and could be bought or sold and made to work for the owner without any choice or pay. As Drescher argues, "The most crucial and frequently utilized aspect of the condition is a communally recognized right by some individuals to possess, buy, sell, discipline, transport, liberate, or otherwise dispose of the bodies and behavior of other individuals." In the American colonies and other places, an integral element was frequently the assignment of children of a slave mother to the status of slaves -- born into slavery. Slavery does not include other forced labor systems: historical forced labor by prisoners, labor camps, or other forms of unfree labor, in which laborers are not considered property. This video targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 1824 encyclopediacc
Inca Empire | Wikipedia audio article
 
54:03
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Inca Empire Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Inca Empire (Quechua: Tawantinsuyu, lit. "The Four Regions"), also known as the Incan Empire and the Inka Empire, was the largest empire in pre-Columbian America. Its political and administrative structure "was the most sophisticated found among native peoples" in the Americas. The administrative, political and military center of the empire was located in Cusco in modern-day Peru. The Inca civilization arose from the highlands of Peru sometime in the early 13th century. Its last stronghold was conquered by the Spanish in 1572. From 1438 to 1533, the Incas incorporated a large portion of western South America, centered on the Andean Mountains, using conquest and peaceful assimilation, among other methods. At its largest, the empire joined Peru, large parts of modern Ecuador, western and south central Bolivia, northwest Argentina, north and central Chile and a small part of southwest Colombia into a state comparable to the historical empires of Eurasia. Its official language was Quechua. Many local forms of worship persisted in the empire, most of them concerning local sacred Huacas, but the Inca leadership encouraged the sun worship of Inti – their sun god – and imposed its sovereignty above other cults such as that of Pachamama. The Incas considered their king, the Sapa Inca, to be the "son of the sun."The Inca Empire was unique in that it lacked many features associated with civilization in the Old World. In the words of one scholar, "The Incas lacked the use of wheeled vehicles. They lacked animals to ride and draft animals that could pull wagons and plows... [They] lacked the knowledge of iron and steel... Above all, they lacked a system of writing... Despite these supposed handicaps, the Incas were still able to construct one of the greatest imperial states in human history". Notable features of the Inca Empire include its monumental architecture, especially stonework, extensive road network reaching all corners of the empire, finely-woven textiles, use of knotted strings (quipu) for record keeping and communication, agricultural innovations in a difficult environment, and the organization and management fostered or imposed on its people and their labor. The Incan economy has been described in contradictory ways by scholars: as "feudal, slave, socialist (here one may choose between socialist paradise or socialist tyranny)". The Inca empire functioned largely without money and without markets. Instead, exchange of goods and services was based on reciprocity between individuals and among individuals, groups, and Inca rulers. "Taxes" consisted of a labour obligation of a person to the Empire. The Inca rulers (who theoretically owned all the means of production) reciprocated by granting access to land and goods and providing food and drink in celebratory feasts for their subjects.
Views: 8 wikipedia tts
Chalcolithic | Wikipedia audio article
 
12:09
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Chalcolithic Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Chalcolithic (English: ), a name derived from the Greek: χαλκός khalkós, "copper" and λίθος líthos, "stone" or Copper Age, also known as the Eneolithic or Æneolithic (from Latin aeneus "of copper") is an archaeological period that is usually considered to be part of the broader Neolithic (although it was originally defined as a transition between the Neolithic and the Bronze Age). In the context of Eastern European archaeology, the term Eneolithic is often preferred to Chalcolithic and other alternatives. The Chalcolithic was a period in which copper is predominant in metalworking technology. Hence it was the period before it was discovered that adding tin to copper formed bronze (a harder and stronger metal). The archaeological site of Belovode, on Rudnik mountain in Serbia has the oldest securely-dated evidence of copper smelting, from 7000 BP (5000 BCE).The Copper Age in the Ancient Near East began in the late 5th millennium BCE and lasted for about a millennium before it gave rise to the Early Bronze Age. The transition from the European Copper Age to Bronze Age Europe occurs about the same time, between the late 5th and the late 3rd millennia BCE.
Views: 3 wikipedia tts

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